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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Koch, H. F.
Outdoor rose growing,   pp. 157-168 PDF (3.0 MB)

Page 160

Whereas, with own root stock, all you need to do is to make the
cutting, stick it in sand, be a little careful of it, and in a week or
two you have roots. Then put them in your hothouse, and in
another year you have the so-called two-year plant. That is one
of the main reasons why they advertise own root stock as they
do. There is no question about it. -
As far as the flowers themselves are concerned you will find
that on own root stock you will get one or two flowers. The
plant will throw probably three or four more buds, but the first
thing you know, you have bud rot. They do not mature. That
is undoubtedly due to the fact that there is not sufficient nourish-
ment there to mature the flowers; whereas, with budded stock,
I have had twenty-five and thirty flowers, every one maturing;
some that were full size, and almost perfect, I might say, for
outdoor rose growing. Now, that to me is pretty clear evidence.
You cannot get away from it. It stands to reason that the bud-
ded stock is the thing, especially when all of the amateur growers
-I am not speaking of any professionals-tell you the same thing.
Wherever they possibly can, they will buy only budded stock.
Of course, there are exceptions. Some of the more vigorous
growing kinds will do fairly well on own roots after some years,
but that means a wait of three or four years. I have two plants
of a particular rose, Hybrid Tea, one on budded stock, and the
other which I raised from a one-year cutting, bought from an
Eastern nursery. It would do your heart good to see the flowers
on the budded plant, and when you compare them with the
flowers on the own root plant, the comparison is most impressive.
If you took the own root plant by itself, you might think it was
very fine, because it would be really good in a way; but it would
be nothing as compared to the flowers on the budded stock.
Now, the next thing of importance that I have found is the
problem of how to winter roses in Wisconsin. You all know
that our climate is severe, and during January we usually have
the so-called January thaw. That is something that must be
guarded against, because if moisture gets on the roses during the
winter months, it is apt to be fatal to them. I have developed
a plan. The suggestions concerning this plan were given to me
by another grower, also an amateur. Toward the end of a
season I stop cultivating, so as to discourage all new growths.
This will ripen the wood. The riper you can get the wood, the

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