Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Koch, H. F.
Outdoor rose growing, pp. 157-168 PDF (3.0 MB)
r_ 158 FIFTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF First, with reference to the preparation of the bed. My place is about half an acre in extent, and by continuously. changing around I found certain spots where the roses did better than other places, which, of course, was somewhat important to know. Then in making the bed I like to do the work myself. I could have it done for me, but it is a great pleasure to me to do it myself, even though it is hard at times; and the pleasure of doing it, and the improvement in health that such outdoor work always brings about, make a great incentive. When I make a new bed, which I will do again this fall, I excavate at least twenty-four inches, putting the top or surface soil on one pile, and the subsoil on another. Of course, on my place it is not necessary to make a trench; my place, fortunately, is well drained. That is im- portant to consider, for the experience of some friends of mine, who made their beds in a place that was too low, was that they usually lost their plants during the winter. A rose does not like wet soil. After digging, I return the soil, first mixing it with at least fifty per cent good fertilizer, cow manure being preferred. There is no question about its being the best. I mix about fifty per cent with the subsoil and the surface soil, and I usually like to get a good clay loam. The clay seems to give the roses better color, and keeps the roots cooler in summer, and in that way gives much better results. Then I fill the bed up two or three inches above the level of where it is supposed to be, and eight inches below that I have no fertilizer of any kind, the idea being to force the roots to go down deep for their sustenance. Having too much nourishment at the upper part seems to tend to make the roots grow more toward the surface. That is a very bad thing, when it comes to keeping them through the winter. That is an important matter to bear in mind, and you should pay particular attention to it. Then finally, I take powdered bone- meal, some very fine, some a little coarser, and some very coarse, and see that it is well sprinkled throughout the soil; not too heavy, but just sufficient so there is plenty of nourishment for some time to come. In this connection, do not forget the lime. That is very im- portant. It sweetens the soil and improves it, and you can very readily tell the difference between a plant where there has been no lime, and a plant which has had lime. I prepare the lime in this way: I put it in a basin, pour water on it, and let it disin- -tegrate, so that takes on a very finely powdered form. Then I : t; : . v- 11- -"-__ . ,, - _ 7Y I -.11 - - -- '. - . . - C .-, , . I - I '.- -
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