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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Meyer, Arno
Young men in old orchards,   pp. 152-155 PDF (954.1 KB)

Page 154

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died and were easily reached, or those that were injured and
removed with an axe. Some of them were nothing but a dense
brush. Now, it is difficult to go up to a farmer and ask him to
spend money for pruning, for dormant spray and foilage spray,
because if he has 40, 50, 60, 70, or even a hundred trees, that
would be quite an expenditure for him, without being absolutely
certain of any returns, so the first season I only urge him to make
the foliage spray. After he has once seen the results of these
foliage sprayings, it is an easy matter to get him to request prun-
ing and dormant spray.
Up there they take great pride in their farms and everything
that goes with it, and they want their families to have the same
fruit that they had in their boyhood days when we knew nothing
of the worms and scab, when these trees produced fine, large,
red apples free from all blemishes. It is quite different now;
if they have any apples at all, they are nothing but small, green,
knotty, wormy things, hardly fit to be called an apple.
Now, as far as the results go, they are clearly indicated by
the enthusiasm of the farmer after three years' work. I have
no definite data on the result of spraying farm orchards, but in
my own orchards, which number four. in all, my results this year
were 25 per cent culls, and about 50 per cent of these culls were
culls only because they were under size, only 25 per cent of them
being blemished, so that would bring it around 121/2 to 15 per
cent. These orchards were sprayed as I came to them, the
same as I did the farm orchards. One orchard I know was
sprayed first, the other two some time during the intervening
period, and another one was sprayed the last. Of course that is
contrary to all spraying advice, but I venture to say that no one
could say which one of these orchards had been sprayed first.
Besides taking care of these farm orchards I have 500 trees
of my own, these trees are given the same care as any commercial
orchard, excepting in culture. The results of spraying were cer-
tainly as good as many large growers have, and much better
than the farmers can accomplish by their own methods of spray-
ing with small hand outfits, the power sprayer being superior.
These 500 trees the past season have produced in the neighbor-
hood of 1,400 bushels of apples. These apples were sorted into
two grades, Fancy and A grades, and culls. The culls were im-
mediately disposed of to department stores or dealers, sold in

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