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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

What shall the farmers do with their orchards?,   pp. 148-152 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 151

Then we sprayed some plum trees and some we did not spray.
Those that we sprayed gave us a couple of market baskets full
of plums; those that were not sprayed had none left to pick, they
all fell off. We used to have lots of plums when I was a lad,
but of late years they were so bad with the rot that there were
few plums left. This year there was a good crop of plums,
very little rot. Another party who had the community sprayer
said that for years they did not have many plums on account of
the rot, this year they had many bushels, with cherries the
same way.
Now, I think it is time we got after the farm orchard. Most
of the farmers are ignorant of how to take care of them, they
need some one to show them. This movement will probably
spread, as more communities see the results of what has been
done. Keep the good work going, reclaiming old orchards.
In our old orchard there are some trees that are older than I
am and still bearing fruit. There are farmers that would like
to have lots of fruit, as long as they have trees they might as
well have it and will if they take care of their orchards. Unless
they grow apples to put down cellar for the children, they will
not have any, because farmers are not likely to buy apples. What
we need is men in the field to teach the farmers how to take care
of the orchards. Most of the farmers have lived in the place
30 to 40 years, and lots of them use their orchards for calf pas-
tures, which is very poor policy, and I think the time has come
that we ought to make a change from now on gradually and see
that the good work is carried on.
MR. F. A. BROWN: We have quite a large orchard that we
never took much notice of, only to go through and cut down a
dead limb, or something like that, until our county agent came
out and said he would like to put in a spraying demonstration.
I agreed, and we had a sprayer out there from the university, and
I tell you that spraying has opened my eyes. We never had any
apples to amount to anything. We have quite a good sized
orchard. If it was a good apple year we had some apples, if it
was a bad apple year we did not get any. This year we have
apples to sell, and we have got lots down cellar. I think it is a
good thing to put spraying demonstrations among the farmers,
and I think we ought to do more of it.
MR. STANLEY DE SMIDT: The orchard on Spring Brook farm
is a real farm orchard. It consists of over 200 trees, and my
time is devoted to a herd of over 100 head of Holsteins, and as
many Durocs, horses, etc., and you can imagine how much time
I could devote to the orchard. Mr. Keiffer, when he first visited
the farm, said, "Do you realize what you must do to get results ?"
I said, "Well, the orchard is here for us to take care of, and
unless we take care of it right, it is not going to be here very
long." So we finally proceeded to do some spraying, and we
were out of luck to start with, by only being able to secure a

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