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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Toole, William, Sr.
Our Wisconsin native trees,   pp. 126-135 PDF (2.6 MB)

Page 134

We might say much in praise of the maple genus, because of
symmetrical and graceful trees, refreshing green or red-tinted
leaves-in spring giving some of the earliest spring flowers, and
painting with such brilliant colored foliage in autumn. The
wood is useful in so many ways, while maple syrup and maple
sugar have distinctive qualities which we all enjoy. The Sugar
maple-Acer saccharum-heads the list for economic value, and
is a leader among ornamental shade trees. The leaves are among
the brightest showing autumn coloring. The Silver maple-Acer
saccharinum-one of the soft maples, is found native generally
near river banks. It makes a fine tree, more openly spreading
than the Sugar maple. In some places it is badly infested with
the cottony maple scale, but where free from this enemy it is
well worth planting. The Red or Swamp maple-Acer rubrism-
is found in our high ridges of clay soil even more plentiful than
in swamps. It does not make so large a tree as either of the two
species mentioned. The trees are attractive in the spring be-
cause of the abundance of red flowers and in the fall the ripening
leaves vie with those of the Sugar maple for brightness of color.
The Box Elder-Acer negundo-makes fairly good fire wood.
The Basswood-Tillia americana-called Linn in the south and
Linden in Europe, gives a dense shade. The tree is symmetrical
when grown in the open and is a useful street tree. The light,
strong wood is useful in manufacture. Formerly the inner bark
was used for the same purposes to which Raffia is now made use
of. The flowers are valuable as abundant sources of honey.
The wood of the White ash-Frazinus americana-is so useful
it is a cause for regret that so much has in the past gone for fire-
wood. It forms a shapely tree and gives good shade. The speci-
mens which have been left about farm homes in the timber lands
make a fine appearance. I am informed that we have also the
Red ash-Fraxinus pennsylvanica-and the Green ash, which in
Gray's Manual is given as F. Canceolata-a variety of the Red
ash. We are also credited with the Blue ash-Fraxinus quad-
rangulata. White ash certainly deserves to be more often planted.
Perhaps the three other kinds are desirable. The Black ash-
Fraxinus nigra-with tall trunk, not heavily branched, and with
gray, flaky bark, is distinct in appearance, but not specially at-
tractive. The wood furnishes good basket material and barrel
hoops. It will flourish in any good soil, although found wild
mostly in low ground.

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