Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Toole, William, Sr.
Our Wisconsin native trees, pp. 126-135 PDF (2.6 MB)
130 FIFTY-FIRsT ANNUAL REPORT OF the wood, which is so valuable in cabinet work. The Black wal- nut makes a better appearing tree than the Butternut, which is more open in growth, while the nuts of the latter are more gen- eral favorites. They should be more generally planted for their nuts. The hickories are an important section -of our native trees. Chief among our Wisconsin natives is the Shell Bark or Shag Bark hickory-Carya ovata. The nuts are general favorites and the wood is so useful in the furnishing of farm implements. The mature trees have a fine appearance and are often spared on the farms, and it would be planted more than it is if transplanting was not so difficult. The distinguishing feature of the Shag Bark hickory is the loose hanging strips of bark, which can be readily stripped from the tree and are useful to the camper for kindling out-of-doors fires. The White Heart hickory or Mocker nut- Carya alba-is a tree having the general appearance of the Shag Bark, except in the bark and nuts. When cut into the wood shows much more white, making it useful for ax helves. The bark does not loosen and strip off and the nuts have very thick shells. The Bitternut hickory-Carya cordiformis-is a smaller tree than the preceding with smoother -bark and more slender branches. The nuts are thin shelled, but toovbitter for use. The name Pig Nut hickory is sometimes used here, but I cannot learn that this species-Caray glabra-is native to Wisconsin. The Hop Hornbeam-Leatherwood, or Ironwood-Ostrya virginiana-is among the smallest of our native trees. The curious seed vessels, like clusters of hops, always attract attention. For ornament, but not for shade, it is worthy of a place in any fair sized collection. The Beech-Fagus grandifolia-is plentiful in the eastern part of the state, but rare otherwise. The nuts would be good, if not so disappointingly small. The wood has value in many ways, but I do not know if the tree has value for ornamental planting. The birches are an interesting class of trees and deserve to be more generally planted for ornament. I do not think we have the Black birch-Betula lenta-a native of this state. Some claim it, but I think they confuse it with the botanical name of the Red or River birch-Bctula tngra. The best known and most common of our birches is the White birch, also called Paper and Canoe birch. We associate it in our minds with the PI
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