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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Toole, William, Sr.
Our Wisconsin native trees,   pp. 126-135 PDF (2.6 MB)

Page 130

the wood, which is so valuable in cabinet work. The Black wal-
nut makes a better appearing tree than the Butternut, which is
more open in growth, while the nuts of the latter are more gen-
eral favorites. They should be more generally planted for their
The hickories are an important section -of our native trees.
Chief among our Wisconsin natives is the Shell Bark or Shag
Bark hickory-Carya ovata. The nuts are general favorites and
the wood is so useful in the furnishing of farm implements. The
mature trees have a fine appearance and are often spared on the
farms, and it would be planted more than it is if transplanting
was not so difficult. The distinguishing feature of the Shag Bark
hickory is the loose hanging strips of bark, which can be readily
stripped from the tree and are useful to the camper for kindling
out-of-doors fires. The White Heart hickory or Mocker nut-
Carya alba-is a tree having the general appearance of the Shag
Bark, except in the bark and nuts. When cut into the wood
shows much more white, making it useful for ax helves. The
bark does not loosen and strip off and the nuts have very thick
shells. The Bitternut hickory-Carya cordiformis-is a smaller
tree than the preceding with smoother -bark and more slender
branches. The nuts are thin shelled, but toovbitter for use. The
name Pig Nut hickory is sometimes used here, but I cannot learn
that this species-Caray glabra-is native to Wisconsin.
The Hop Hornbeam-Leatherwood, or Ironwood-Ostrya
virginiana-is among the smallest of our native trees. The
curious seed vessels, like clusters of hops, always attract attention.
For ornament, but not for shade, it is worthy of a place in any
fair sized collection.
The Beech-Fagus grandifolia-is plentiful in the eastern part
of the state, but rare otherwise. The nuts would be good, if not
so disappointingly small. The wood has value in many ways,
but I do not know if the tree has value for ornamental planting.
The birches are an interesting class of trees and deserve to be
more generally planted for ornament. I do not think we have
the Black birch-Betula lenta-a native of this state. Some
claim it, but I think they confuse it with the botanical name of
the Red or River birch-Bctula tngra. The best known and
most common of our birches is the White birch, also called
Paper and Canoe birch. We associate it in our minds with the

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