Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Toole, William, Sr.
Our Wisconsin native trees, pp. 126-135 PDF (2.6 MB)
WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY woods with the snow view, which would be so monotonous if not thus relieved. There is much to be seen in the woods in winter that is in- teresting. Then, more than at any other time, we realize how much the woodlands shelter and maintain the wild life, which is the joy of the hunter, and a pest to the farmer. We find in the snow tracks of the tiny mouse, also the rabbit, squirrel, and fox, to deer, while about the trees we find evidences of raccoons and porcupines. Then the woodman makes the acquaintance of the friendly chickadee, and the daring nuthatch among birds. Indeed, we would sadly miss our native trees and shrubs if they were removed from our landscape, even if we retained them about our homes. In the past we have thought of the planting of trees mainly for street and roadside decoration, with some trees about the house for shade, and we have given less thought than we should to the value of some kinds for ornamental use aside from shad- ing purposes. This paper is written with a desire to draw attention to the usefulness of the various species of trees, hoping that some may be led to seek a closer acquaintance with the distinctive qual- ities of the various genera and species of Wisconsin native trees. A paper of this kind must necessarily be brief, but anyone in- terested in the subject can find closer descriptions to identify kinds in Gray's Manual of Botany. Taking up the consideration of kinds of trees in botanical sequence, the evergreens are first in order and pines should head the list. Evergreens on private grounds are not planted as much as they should be and I think not so freely as they have been, probably because so many mistakes of placing have been made in the past. It has been necessary to cut out many beautiful evergreens on home grounds because they have been put where there was not room for them to develop. Considered from an economic standpoint the White pine-Pinus strobus-is the most important of our evergreens, and, when rightly placed, there is no kind more valuable for decorative purposes. We should bear in mind that the time will come, with age, when the conical or pyramidal form which is adopted as a stereo- 127
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