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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Brand, A. M.
The modern peony,   pp. 107-122 PDF (3.9 MB)

Elver, Elmore T.
The gladiolus,   pp. 122-126 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 122

MEL MoYLE: Have you ever noticed any injury from late
spring frosts on your blossoms?
MR. BRAND: Oh yes, that is very often the case. If your
plants are up 6 or 8 inches high, then you have a hard frost that
even though it does not seem to affect the plants at the time, you
do not get a good blossom that season. It is more true of the
early varieties than the late.
ELMORE T. ELvER, Madison.
The subject, "Gladioli," assigned to me, is so comprehensive
that the short time allotted for discussion can little more than in-
troduce the speaker. A proper discussion should cover the his-
tory, cultivation, propagation, origination of new varieties, the
value of the gladiolus in commerce and as a cut flower, its use
as a decorative plant and in landscape gardening and a discus-
sion of individual varieties with reference to desirability and
non-desirability, and kindred subjects which must readily sug-
gest thousands to the listeners. In consequence of lack of time,
I will endeavor merely to touch a few of the salient features
connected with my subject.
Our forefathers at the time of the adoption -of the United
States constitution ordained that "no title of nobility shall be
granted by the United States." Notwithstanding, we have by
common consent proclaimed the rose as the queen of flowers,
-and I am satisfied that the modem gladiolius with its stately,
majestic and regal beauty must be hailed as the king of all
Its advantages over all other flowers is so manifest that I
dare say no other can compare with it. It is easily cultivated, is
free from disease, incomparable in beauty, both as to form and
variety, easily propagated, and gives itself to creation of new
varieties in a simple and satisfactory manner. Its long period
of bloom, from early July until frost, at a time when few satis-
factory flowers are blooming, makes it indispensable as a deco-
rative flower for the home, and as a flower for commercial use
it has no equal.
The gladiolus, or sword lily, derives its name from the Latin
gladius (a sword) and is a diminutive thereof, meaning little

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