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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Livingstone, James
Some roses worth growing and how to grow them,   pp. 102-107 PDF (1.5 MB)

Page 104

the hybrid China roses with different varieties of Chinas and
Bourbons, the progeny producing abundance of flowers in the
summer and occasionally a few throughout the autumn, thus
being termed hybrid perpetuals. Some of our hardiest and best
varieties of roses belong to this class, their ease of culture, hardi-
ness, beautiful colors and fragrance combine in making them our
most popular garden roses. Baroness Rothschild, Glorie Lyon-
naise, J. B. Clark, Marshall P. Wilder, Magna Charta, Mrs. John
Laing, Mable Morrison, John Hopper and Paul Meyron are con-
sidered amongst our finest varieties in this class.
To be successful in growing roses a sheltered location should
be chosen, far enough away from trees, shrubs or buildings so
that the roots of the trees or shrubs will not rob them of food and
moisture, or the buildings shade them continuously. Roses re-
quire a fairly stiff soil and an abundance of food and moisture,
and it is useless to attempt to grow them-unless attention is given
to these details. It is much better to plant them in groups or
beds, where the soil has been specially prepared for them, rather
than plant them promiscuously over the lawn or garden. If the
subsoil is heavy clay it should be dug out to a depth of eighteen
inches or two feet and the beds filled in with good rich top soil.
Spring is the best time to plant, and in hybrid perpetuals, two or
three year old dormant plants should be planted. Care should
be taken when planting, to place the graft three or four inches
below the surface of the soil and the small shoots should be cut
out and the stronger ones cut back to three or four eyes. When
the plants have become well established it is important to watch
for shoots that may come from below the graft and cut themn
out or they will rob the plant of nourishment and ultimately kill
it. These shoots can be distinguished from the true variety by
the great abundance of small thorns which literally cover them.
During the first season's growth it is better to pinch off most of
the flower buds. This may seem heroic treatment to some grow-
ers, but it will greatly increase the strength of the plant, and
insure a larger yield of flowers the following year. Roses are
gross feeders and a well established plant ought to have fre-
quent applications of fertilizer in some form during the growing
season. Liquid fertilizer, bone meal or a good covering of well-
rotted manure will keep them in good growing condition. The
tips of the young growths are often infested with green or black
!WP%'Aw- 7 - --

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