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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Glass, J. T.
Baskets,   pp. 98-102 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 101

the cover at two additional points, at each side, half way between
the handles. There is a special cover hook manufactured for
that purpose, that hooks under the rim and bends over the cover,
holds it imposition and prevents pilfering or waste in transfer.
-When you are stacking your filled baskets in orchard or pack-
ing house, or loading them on wagons or trucks, avoid as much
as possible placing one basket directly on top of the other; instead
of that, set them in such manner that you break joints, so that
each basket is resting on the rims of two other baskets. That
will prevent bruising.
MR. HARRIs: I have seen those baskets with center posts, is
that an advantage?
MR. GLASS: There is a great deal of difference of opinion re-
garding a center post. The center post is good, there is no doubt
about it, and it should always be used where you are stacking
apples very high, as in storage, or going over four high in the
car, you should always use it. In ordinary shipments, where we
are only going three or four high, if you use a corrugated cap, I
hardly think it is necessary. That has been the opinion of most
of the'shippers. One thing you should not do, and that is to
invert your baskets when they are packed with fruit.
The proposition of storing apples in baskets is a new one, and
the basket that has been manufactured the last couple of years
has not been particularly adapted to the use of storing; How-
ever, some people have'stored apples in baskets in spite of the
fact that they were not well adapted, and are bringing manufac-
turers to realizing that they must make a basket with flatter bot-
tom, heavier staves and especially adapted to the use of apple
storage. The reason why some people are storing apples in
baskets is largely because of the results of different investiga-
tions on the cause of apple scald, which have proved that scald
is caused by lack of ventilation, by toxic gas which is given off
by the apple itself, and it seems reasonable to suppose that by
the use of baskets, which allows of better circulation of air
through the stacks in storage, that the amount of scald will be
considerably reduced. Doctor Lambert, of the Illinois Experiment
Station, states that he made some comparative tests of the
Grimes Golden apple, which scalds very easily; he did not do
it intentionally, he had some Grimes Golden stored in barrels and
he also stored some in baskets under the same conditions, same
storage, and those in the. baskets came out in excellent condition,
while those in barrels scalded pretty badly. Mr. Hawkins, of the
Bureau of Plant Industry, speaking before the Arkansas Horti-

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