Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Glass, J. T.
Baskets, pp. 98-102 PDF (1.3 MB)
WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY the cover at two additional points, at each side, half way between the handles. There is a special cover hook manufactured for that purpose, that hooks under the rim and bends over the cover, holds it imposition and prevents pilfering or waste in transfer. -When you are stacking your filled baskets in orchard or pack- ing house, or loading them on wagons or trucks, avoid as much as possible placing one basket directly on top of the other; instead of that, set them in such manner that you break joints, so that each basket is resting on the rims of two other baskets. That will prevent bruising. DISCUSSION MR. HARRIs: I have seen those baskets with center posts, is that an advantage? MR. GLASS: There is a great deal of difference of opinion re- garding a center post. The center post is good, there is no doubt about it, and it should always be used where you are stacking apples very high, as in storage, or going over four high in the car, you should always use it. In ordinary shipments, where we are only going three or four high, if you use a corrugated cap, I hardly think it is necessary. That has been the opinion of most of the'shippers. One thing you should not do, and that is to invert your baskets when they are packed with fruit. The proposition of storing apples in baskets is a new one, and the basket that has been manufactured the last couple of years has not been particularly adapted to the use of storing; How- ever, some people have'stored apples in baskets in spite of the fact that they were not well adapted, and are bringing manufac- turers to realizing that they must make a basket with flatter bot- tom, heavier staves and especially adapted to the use of apple storage. The reason why some people are storing apples in baskets is largely because of the results of different investiga- tions on the cause of apple scald, which have proved that scald is caused by lack of ventilation, by toxic gas which is given off by the apple itself, and it seems reasonable to suppose that by the use of baskets, which allows of better circulation of air through the stacks in storage, that the amount of scald will be considerably reduced. Doctor Lambert, of the Illinois Experiment Station, states that he made some comparative tests of the Grimes Golden apple, which scalds very easily; he did not do it intentionally, he had some Grimes Golden stored in barrels and he also stored some in baskets under the same conditions, same storage, and those in the. baskets came out in excellent condition, while those in barrels scalded pretty badly. Mr. Hawkins, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, speaking before the Arkansas Horti- 101
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