Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Glass, J. T.
Baskets, pp. 98-102 PDF (1.3 MB)
100 FIFTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF There are a few essentials that should be observed in packing apples in the basket, no matter what sort of pack you are putting up. To begin with, unless you are ring packing from the bot- tom, and very few growers would do that because of the amount of labor involved, and I do not think it necessary, a basket should be shaken a couple of times when the apples are poured in. That may seem like unnecessary advice to most of you, but my ex- perience has been, in observing packing in packing houses and orchards all over the country, that that point is neglected very much by packers, especially in the. rush season. You can be very sure that your baskets are going to be well shaken during transfer, and if they are loosely packed at the orchard or pack- ing house, they will be slack filled when reaching destination, and slack fill is always poorly regarded and has to be sold at a con- siderable reduction. The face of the basket should be arranged in ring fashion. Whether you should wrap the outside ring in paper is a point which each one should have to decide for himself. It probably pays, especially if you want to advertise your product. The degree to which the basket is filled is another important point. Probably about level or a half inch above the rim at the outside of the basket, rising to an inch and a half above the basket in the center, is about the proper degree. That will give you a little bulge to your cover as it is placed on, providing proper pressure to hold your apples in place and providing for settling in transfer. The use of a corrugated cap under the cover will pay very greatly, I believe. The corrugated cap costs but a trifle and it protects against bruising. Buyers usually show a preference for that. I have seen baskets packed with corrugated caps sell for as much as 25 cents more than baskets packed without, and the cap costs but 3 cents, possibly 2 this year, or less. After the cover is in place, the wire handle should be bent inward and down to hold the cover in position. That is another point that is often neglected in the rush season, but it pays. When your cars are unloaded, the men handling those baskets are usually careless, a basket may be upset; if the cover comes off the contents will be spilled and wasted, and it takes very little time to bend those handles in while you are putting the cover on. If you are shipping by express in less than carload lots, parcel post or any other way aside from car lots, it is well to fasten
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