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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Glass, J. T.
Baskets,   pp. 98-102 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 100

There are a few essentials that should be observed in packing
apples in the basket, no matter what sort of pack you are putting
up. To begin with, unless you are ring packing from the bot-
tom, and very few growers would do that because of the amount
of labor involved, and I do not think it necessary, a basket should
be shaken a couple of times when the apples are poured in. That
may seem like unnecessary advice to most of you, but my ex-
perience has been, in observing packing in packing houses and
orchards all over the country, that that point is neglected very
much by packers, especially in the. rush season. You can be
very sure that your baskets are going to be well shaken during
transfer, and if they are loosely packed at the orchard or pack-
ing house, they will be slack filled when reaching destination, and
slack fill is always poorly regarded and has to be sold at a con-
siderable reduction.
The face of the basket should be arranged in ring fashion.
Whether you should wrap the outside ring in paper is a point
which each one should have to decide for himself. It probably
pays, especially if you want to advertise your product.
The degree to which the basket is filled is another important
point. Probably about level or a half inch above the rim at
the outside of the basket, rising to an inch and a half above
the basket in the center, is about the proper degree. That will
give you a little bulge to your cover as it is placed on, providing
proper pressure to hold your apples in place and providing for
settling in transfer. The use of a corrugated cap under the
cover will pay very greatly, I believe. The corrugated cap costs
but a trifle and it protects against bruising. Buyers usually show
a preference for that. I have seen baskets packed with corrugated
caps sell for as much as 25 cents more than baskets packed
without, and the cap costs but 3 cents, possibly 2 this year, or less.
After the cover is in place, the wire handle should be bent
inward and down to hold the cover in position. That is another
point that is often neglected in the rush season, but it pays.
When your cars are unloaded, the men handling those baskets
are usually careless, a basket may be upset; if the cover comes
off the contents will be spilled and wasted, and it takes very little
time to bend those handles in while you are putting the cover on.
If you are shipping by express in less than carload lots, parcel
post or any other way aside from car lots, it is well to fasten

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