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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Glass, J. T.
Baskets,   pp. 98-102 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 99

just about the limit of the amount that he can purchase at one
time, and in addition to that, the fact that the basket makes a
handy package after it. is empty helps in this,-the consumer
knows the capacity of it, that it is uniform in size and he can
compare prices of different dealers. But the principal reason
has been that it provides just the right amount of fruit for him
to purchase at one time and get the benefit of lower prices for
quantity buying.
Now, since the use of the basket has been increasing rapidly,
and since a larger number of growers have been coming to the
use of the basket, it may be that some of the points in packing
and loading which have been developed by the successful use of
the basket might be of interest to you.
To begin with, a great many growers in some sections take
their baskets right into the orchard and pack the fruit as it is
picked from the trees. No attempt is made to grade this fruit,
except the pickers are instructed to throw out any decayed or
seriously wormy fruit and this pack is sold as orchard run. That
pack sells especially in small towns and direct to the consumer,
because the average family would just as soon have some large
apples and some small apples in the basket. They can use the
large apples when they have company and they can give the
small ones to the children.
Where growers are depending on the larger city markets for
the disposal of their fruit, they may be graded by hand or grad-
ing machine. Baskets are placed alongside the graders and dif-
ferent sized apples run into the baskets and the grader chute.
The top is usually smoothed off, but they are still arranged in
ring fashion over the surface of the basket, usually packed cheeks
together. In addition to that it has the outside ring packed in
paper. That paper on the outside ring serves two purposes,
first, it advertises the pack, and, second, it prevents bruising or
outside ring cutting.
I happened to be in New York city this summer and fall, and
I could scarcely believe my eyes when I saw the amount of
produce that was packed in baskets on that market. All kinds
of apples, peaches, pears, plums and vegetables, such as carrots,
parsnips, things of that kind, on the New York market, one of
the most conservative markets in the country, where the com-
mission men said they would never receive baskets.

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