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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Cranefield, Frederic
Annual report of secretary,   pp. 58-62 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 60


60           F=rY-FmIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF
prising thirty and possibly three hundred demonstration stations,
this work to be carried on through co-operation with the county
agents.
Another problem, not new and one that will be discussed at
length during this meeting, is the Farm Orchard. We have had
wise counsel on this subject in the past and will have wiser coun-
sel and material aid in the future. The average small farm or
home orchard as it exists today is one of the worst drawbacks to
successful commercial fruit growing we have in the state. It's
worse than a liability, it's a curse. Let's solve this problem with-
out further delay. If we can do it we will have done our share
toward keeping our Society and our state in the front rank of
progressive institutions.
The marketing of Wisconsin-grown apples has seemed a big
problem in the past, but is one that is growing smaller and smaller
as the years go by, or rather as the quality of our product im-
proves. When we have entirely eliminated the "barnyard apples"
from back of the barnyards of Wisconsin and apples intended for
the trade are grown only by well-trained and experienced fruit
growers, we will have gone a long way toward the solution of our
problem. There will still remain the big factor of marketing.
This is too big a subject to discuss in a report of this nature, but
it may be said in passing that, "the old order passeth". Wide-
awake fruit growers, acting independently and through co-opera-
tive shipping associations, have wiped out the commission and
consignment corruptions and compelled the wholesale buyers to
become merchants in fact rather than gamblers and in many cases
petty thieves. A further readjustment is just in sight and it be-
hooves the grower to keep in close touch with events. Co-opera-
tion is going to mean more than a mere claptrap word in the
future.
The further development of commercial orchards in Wisconsin
is work in which this Society should not be "weary of well doing".
We have done much, but have really only made a good begin-
ning. Door county could double its acreage of tree fruits and
handle the output easily. The scant 800 acres in the Kickapoo
region could be increased to 10,000 acres and still only scratch
the surface. There is abundant room for thousands of acres
more of apple and cherry orchards in Wisconsin and there is
every reason why the trees should be planted. In spite of the
vast plantings both in the East and West there is little doubt that
a careful census of bearing trees in the United States would
show a tremendous decrease each year. Somebody must take up
the slack, why not progressive Wisconsin horticulturists aided by
our Society?
' More than twenty years ago I took the stand that Wisconsin
orchards should consist almost wholly of fall maturing varieties,
Duchess, Dudley, Wealthy, Fameuse and McIntosh the leaders.
Each succeeding year's observations since that time has only


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