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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Post, R. L.
The small fruit plantation,   pp. 207-212 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 211


WINTER MEETING.
insect and fungus pests, or other adverse conditions. Secondly,
the plant should be adapted to local climatic and soil conditions,
for, no matter what is the excellence of its condition, it will al-
ways be handicapped if it is not adapted. Another desirable
quality is resistance to disease, although this is not so important
if precautions are taken concerning rotation and cleanliness.
How shall we manage to secure these desirable qualities? There
seems to be but one safe and sure way, and that is to propagate
and select the plants for ourselves.
The first advantage of home propagation is that the grower
can have a large number of plants on hand, and can select those
which are in the best of shape as regards size, vigor, and sound-
ness. He can manage so that the plants will not be out of the
ground for too long a period, because he knows when he will
need them and can suit his own convenience. The plants do not
have to be handled so much as they do when shipped, and con-
sequently are not apt to lose vitality. It is obvious that with all
these advantages the plants have the best possible opportunity of
getting a good start.
If the plants have been propagated on the same plantation
upon which they are to produce fruit it necessarily follows that
they are more likely to be adapted to local conditions than if
propagated a number of miles distant. We know how susceptible
the strawberry is to changes in location. A certain variety may
do perfectly well on one plantation, and if thansferred to an-
other, or even to a different place on the same plantation may
be a total failure.
The third advantage of home propagaticn is that the worry
and trouble incurred in ordering and shipping the plants is ob-
viated. As a general rule it is little more trouble to dig the
plants than it is to take care of them after they are shipped, and
of course, they cost nothing in the way of money. There is lit-
tle possibility of making mistakes, and, if any blunders are made,
the grower has nobody but himself to blame.
Another prominent factor enters in when home propagation is
practiced. The work is under the direct personal supervision of
one who is to take the consequences of his own labor, and as a re-
sult he will exercise more care than anybody else would. He has
first choice of the plants, does not have to accept inferior stock,
and therefore is less troubled with killing out, and the labor and
expense incurred in replanting.
211


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