Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session, pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)
WINTER MEETING. of planting beans is to use the single horse planter, mark out the ground, then hitch the horse to the planter, then go along the mark, planting two or three beans every two or three inches, depending on the size of the beans. You can plant from one peck to one bushel per acre. We usually use about a bushel to the acre on our orchard. The President: We have delegates from sister states whom we wish to hear from, and I will ask Mr Pratt from Michigan to speak on this subject. Mr. Pratt: Perhaps our methods are a little different than yours in Wisconsin. I have noticed from the discussions that you are planting your trees a great deal closer than we do at the present time. We used to plant them closer, but now our apple trees are planted from thirty to forty feet apart each way. Of course we raise a great many other kinds of fruit. At Benton Harbor, down in the southwestern corner of Michi- gan, we raise a great many peaches. While they used to be planted, fifteen or eighteen years ago, as close as twelve, now, we are planting twenty to twenty-four feet each way and we get better crops, better peaches, more satisfactoin all the way around. As to cultivation there are two methods practiced-; We have the sod mulch system, that is used only on land that is hilly and likely to wash. The trees are set on this land and it is seeded down to either clover or timothy and this is cut each season, and a large portion of that is piled around the tree so that no grass will grow under this mulch right around the tree, and the rest if it is used for grazing until the trees get big enough to take it all up. The mulch around these trees is kept up as far as the limbs of the trees reach and as the trees grow bigger, the sod mulch is stretched out far- ther. In regard to clean culture methods, the first year we plant our trees in the corn field, each tree taking the place of a hill of corn and we get very good results that way, better than any other method we have practiced. After that there are various methods used, some use potatoes, same use beans, others vege- tables. In the southern part of the state we have a good many small farms, five and ten acres that make a good living and every foot of ground has to be utilized, and the consequences are that we raise a great many vegetables there, as we are close to the Chicago market, and they can sell their vegetables at a 115
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