Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session, pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)
WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. plant trees and not care for them and they never arrive at the fruiting age. The moral was of course that if we plant trees we should care for them. The immortal Patrick Henry once said, "I care not what others may say cr do, but, as for me, give me liberty or give me death." As for me, Mr. President,, give me a cultivated orchard, or give me none. L. H. PALmER, Baraboo. Clean cultivation followed with a cover crop would be an ideal way to raise fruit if one could afford to wait eight or ten years for returns. I always had to make my land pay as I went by raising crops among my young trees. The first year I plant to some cultivated crop, rowing both ways to save too much work with the hoe, and leaving the space next to the trees a little wide. As the trees grow lessen the amount of land cropped, thus giving more to the trees. It is generally necessary to seed to clover every two or three years, to loosen the soil and prevent washing. Fruit trees like any other crop require plenty of fertilizer and I find my best trees are those I feed the best. It is my belief that if there is something coming in as you go along, the average man will work his trees a little better, than if obliged to wait eight or ten years for the first crop. This method of cultivation gives me good trees free of cost at ten years of age. I have been thinking about this bean culture, I have never tried it. I would like to ask what kind of beans they raise among the trees and how they raise them. Mr. D. E.Binghaim: We plant the common white bean and I believe we get goods results, not figuring the beans for the market. The results that we get are better cultivation and less humus loss, and we also get the crop of beans, sometimes they average fifteen to twenty-five dollars an acre in one season, it depends upon the conditions under which you can get them har- vested and threshed. I believe we are coming to that method of orchard culture planting something and cultivating it without any reference to the crop that we get. A very convenient way 114
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