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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session,   pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)

Page 109

agine that he was harvesting a phenomenal crop of beautiful
fragrant luscious apples and I believe he even felt in his pocket
for that bag of golden eagles, so vivid is the imagination of this
class of people. I know for I have been there.
I would set my 5 acres of trees 20x20 or 24x24 feet apart on
a suitable location-good soil well prepared. I would cultivate
until July, 15th, the first year without crop of any kind, after-
wards sowing to oats or rye for a cover crop. The next year I
might put in three rows of potatoes, or three rows of strawberries
or a similar amount of beans or any root crop but not corn.
The following year I would put in hoed crops as before, in the
meantime keeping all weeds, grass or foul stuff away from the
space not occupied by the crop, rotating from potatoes to an-
other kind of crop; if strawberries plowing them up the second
year, always trying some cover crop. This I would do until the
7th or 8th year when I would seed to clover, letting that remain
two years then clean cultivation the next and probably the sec-
ond year-then clover again and the same rotation.
With this five acres it would be likely the horticulturist
to imagine that having taken care of it for six years, he could
begin to get rich returns for his previous care and hard labor.
He would begin to estimate the yield of fruit at 1/2 bushel per
tree and put the price at $1.00 per bushel. At 10 years he
would estimate a barrel per tree at $3.00 per bbl. and then some.
Such estimates constitutes the riches of these men. He forgets
that seasons vary and most trees bear only every 2nd year.
That codling moth, curculio, ha'lstorms and strong winds come
for the purpose of keeping him to the simple life and that, unless
he plants the right varieties the trees grow and grow and "never
do anything else."
If he is an ordinary farmer before the trees are three years
old a large per cent of them will have great wounds where the
whiffle trees have torn off a map of Panama or they will have
been run over with a harrow or the blue grass sod has run in
around the trees. Perhaps he will neglect to spray or prune
and the fruit will be unmarketable. When his trees are 10 years
old perhaps hogs bear a gocd price or his cows give him enough
profit to pay taxes and still live economically and the whole plat
is given over to pasture. Hie wonders when the trees die and
grow gnarled and the scale attacks them and the worms eat then.
up and the fruit corresponds,-why is it? Don't tell me this

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