Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session, pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)
WINTER MEETING. agine that he was harvesting a phenomenal crop of beautiful fragrant luscious apples and I believe he even felt in his pocket for that bag of golden eagles, so vivid is the imagination of this class of people. I know for I have been there. I would set my 5 acres of trees 20x20 or 24x24 feet apart on a suitable location-good soil well prepared. I would cultivate until July, 15th, the first year without crop of any kind, after- wards sowing to oats or rye for a cover crop. The next year I might put in three rows of potatoes, or three rows of strawberries or a similar amount of beans or any root crop but not corn. The following year I would put in hoed crops as before, in the meantime keeping all weeds, grass or foul stuff away from the space not occupied by the crop, rotating from potatoes to an- other kind of crop; if strawberries plowing them up the second year, always trying some cover crop. This I would do until the 7th or 8th year when I would seed to clover, letting that remain two years then clean cultivation the next and probably the sec- ond year-then clover again and the same rotation. With this five acres it would be likely the horticulturist to imagine that having taken care of it for six years, he could begin to get rich returns for his previous care and hard labor. He would begin to estimate the yield of fruit at 1/2 bushel per tree and put the price at $1.00 per bushel. At 10 years he would estimate a barrel per tree at $3.00 per bbl. and then some. Such estimates constitutes the riches of these men. He forgets that seasons vary and most trees bear only every 2nd year. That codling moth, curculio, ha'lstorms and strong winds come for the purpose of keeping him to the simple life and that, unless he plants the right varieties the trees grow and grow and "never do anything else." If he is an ordinary farmer before the trees are three years old a large per cent of them will have great wounds where the whiffle trees have torn off a map of Panama or they will have been run over with a harrow or the blue grass sod has run in around the trees. Perhaps he will neglect to spray or prune and the fruit will be unmarketable. When his trees are 10 years old perhaps hogs bear a gocd price or his cows give him enough profit to pay taxes and still live economically and the whole plat is given over to pasture. Hie wonders when the trees die and grow gnarled and the scale attacks them and the worms eat then. up and the fruit corresponds,-why is it? Don't tell me this 109
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