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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session,   pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)

Page 108

In a four year rotation, beans would replace potatoes as the
first crop grown. In a longer period of cropping, corn might be
used advantageously providing it was kept considerable d stance
from the trees.
The question of the pcrtion of land which may be used in
orchard cropping is one which is open to various opinions. It
will depend first, upon the distance between the trees, and second,
upon the age of the orchard. Personally, I would prefer leav-
ing a strip in a newly planted orchard of from three to four
feet which would be devoted entirely to the growth of the trees.
As the size of the trees increased from year to year, this space
would be gradually increased. At all times it would be advis-
able to give to the trees all of the soil through which the roots
permeated, and use only that unoccupied by the trees for the
crop which is to be removed. The mistake is too often made of
growing other crops too close to the trees resulting in injury to
the tree which oftentimes is not merely temporary but permanent.
If we assume an ideal location, an ideal climate and an ideal
condition of soil found in a few irrigation districts, with the
five acres or more to be depended on when fully developed for
a livelihood then if the pocket be well filled with shining golden
eagles we should cultivate exclusively allowing neither weed,
grass or other crop to grow. However I have presupposed that
the problem given above related solely to Wisconsin, that the
person planting the "5 acres or more" was not wholly a horti-
culturist and was not depending entirely for the support of
himself and family upon the proceeds of this small orchard.
My idea was that it applied to the farmer who had other
acres to till and that this orchard was to supplement his income
and provide fruit for his family and it should supply not only
fruit but enthusiasm, interest and joy while growing and de-
light in its beauty and fruitfulness.
Again it might be a horticulturist who had an additional 5
acres not utilized and who being a horticulturist had a surplus
of enthusiasm, so much so that when he decided to plant the
orchard could already, with that eye of faith so common among
the cult, see the growing trees the later blossoms and lastly im-

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