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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Moore, J. G.
Cultivation of the farm orchard and fruit garden,   pp. 26-36 PDF (2.7 MB)

Page 27

of the busy farmer, and not as the man who grows fruit as a
business would look at it. In accordance with these instructions
I will endeavor to stick to the text, but for fear that at times
some of you may think that I have forgoten, let me state here
that the line which marks the difference between the cultivation
of the orchard of the busy farmer and that of the commercial
fruit grower is not as clearly drawn as is often times thought.
As a horticulturist, and especially as one, who is interested in
increasing the extent of fruit growing in Wisconsin, I suppose T
should enthuse every time the home orchard is mentioned. I must
confess, however, that when I think of the conditions undcr
which nine-tenths of the home orchards of the state are expected
to bear fruit I can see very little over which to enthuse.
What is the purpose of the farm orchard? If I understand
it corectly, it is to furnish fruit for the use of the family for as
long a period during the year as possible. It does not consider
the sale of any fruit, or at least only a small amount of surplus.
In other words, it is simply a supply for the home and not in-
tended to bring in returns from outside sources. As every
farmer should wish to place before his family just as good a
quality of fruit as he would offer upon the market for his neigh-
bor, it is to be expected that he is willing to give the orchard the
the attention and care that will make such a condition possible
This will necessarily include those practices which will give
perfectly formed and developed fruit.
There is another point in the handling of the home orchard
which we must consider in this connection. Unlike practically
every other farm crop, the orchard is expected to give results
year after year. No part of it is changed. The same soil sup-
plies the food for the trees and in turn the same trees produce
the fruit. You would not think of asking such a task from any
other part of the farm or of any other plant. Our home orchard
is quite comparable to some machine doing service in the field.
In the first place it costs considerable to get one which is fitted
to do the work which is to be required of it. Again, it must do
the same work year after year the same as the machine. You
would not think of running your binder year after year without
oiling or repairing the worn parts. How about your orchard?
What constitutes abuse of the orchard is a question which must
be considered before any system of caring for it can be decided

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