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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / The Wisconsin horticulturist
Vol. III, No. 9 (November 1898)

Kellogg, R. M.
Blackberry crops,   pp. 21-23 PDF (727.5 KB)


Page 23


THE WISCONSIN HORTICULTURIST.
How To PRXVRNT FALL GROWTH:-How are we to pre-
vent the fall growth ! Having maintained the steady growth
until the wood and bud ripening process should begin (about
August 1), we sow and cultivate in about four bushels of
oats per acre. These promptly germinate and appropriate
the plant food and moisture, cutting short the supply of the
bushes and their growth will be materially checked and, as
the ground is kept cool by the shade, the late growth is
quite sure to be avoided, but the value of the oats is not
ended here by any means.
They remain green until quite heavy freezing, and then
stay as a mulch, protecting the roots from evil effects of
freezing and thawing, preventing soil washing during the
winter. In the spring they are decayed so as to be easily
cultivated into the soil, adding very largely to the surface
humus, which separates the soil grains so capillary action
is sluggish and a crust will not form so readily and thus the
frequency of cultivation be greatly reduced. It is especially
important that the suckers which come up shall be treat-
ed as weeds and that the bushes be confined to the orig-
inal plant, so that the entire surface soil shall be stirred by
the cultivator. This narrow row not only aids in conserv-
ing moisture, but it facilitates picking the fruit, as it is on
the outside largely. It is difficult to induce the boys and
girls to thrust their arms to the center of a wide, thorny
blackberry row, and so much of the fruit is lost.
Overbearing and pollen exhaustion are also among the
factors which soon destroy the life of the blackberry. Ju-
dicious pruning is the remedy. Let the bushes bear all
they can bring to perfection, but not more. They never
fail to set several times as much fruit as they can mature.
A patch treated as indicated will carry through more buds
than under less intensive culture, and so need not be pruned
quite so close, but it is always better to overdo pruning than
to leave too many buds.
R. M. KELLOGG, in Western Fruit Grower.
23


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