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Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / Thirty-eighth annual proceedings of the Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association. Thirty-eighth convention, Pavilion, near Nekoosa, Wisconsin, August 12, 1924. Thirty-eighth annual meeting, Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, January 13, 1925
(1924-1925)

Searles, Andrew
The value of sand,   pp. 20-23 PDF (982.5 KB)


Page 22


22 WISCONSIN CRANBERRY GROWERS' ASSOCIATION
In the town of Cranmoor, or in a like situation, I would empty my
dipper of sand upon the ground while in the absence of teams, and
when the team came I would pick it up and deposit it on the sleigh.
This may be done very quickly and easily.
I think this is all that needs to be said here to-day on the subject.
I hope that the people will take advantage of this source of sand.
COMMENT BY MR. ANDREW BISSIG
I am like the rest of the growers. -We have berries from a pinhead
to half grown. With the exception of about ten acres, I wouldn't
give much for the crop. Those ten acres are pretty well advanced.
The acres that we have sanded a few years ago are the best berries,
and the largest.
We came to realize that sand is what the berries want. It is our
first experience in sanding, and is a decided success. Last winter we
sanded ten more acres, and the vines are beauties there. Mr. Wood
was astonished how sanded vines developed, and they are all budding
heavily. We have a pretty fair crop, and half grown. On the old
bog, not sanded, we have a heavy bloom for at least 1500 barrels of
berries, but maybe about 25% will go through, and that's all. We cut
the crop down to half of what we expected, and are satisfied if we get
that.
Sanding is the only thing to do in this state, and we find that what
Mr. Searles said is true. We should have done it years ago. We
lost thousands of dollars by not doing it, but everybody told us that
our sand was too fine.
We don't sand any planting until it gets about three years old. We
have our new crop well along, all about a uniform size. Nearly every
vine is budding for next year, and we expect a big crop next year,
which will be the third year. After that, we will sprinkle a little
sand, about one-half inch; on old vines, about twenty-five years old,
about three inches. The roots need something to weigh them down.
Our vines are too long, and up too high.
In order to get rid of fire worm, we make it a point to flood every
year. This year we are practically clean of fire worms. My brother
is an expert at this, and usually does it while I am away. This year
he flooded our marsh the last of May or the first of June, and kept
the vines under water for about forty-eight hours. We couldn't find
any fire worms except on one little corner where it is high. I showed
that piece, about half the size of this hall, to Mr. -Wood, and it is the
 0
only place we have them. Next year we are going to tramp them
down and mow them off. We have a few fruit worms, but not many.
This goes to show that if you don't flood for fire worm you will have
them every year, and they will destroy your berries. I don't know
when they flood here. Some flood late. It is too late when they are
nearly full grown. You have to take them when they are small, and


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