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Wisconsin State Agricultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, including the proceedings of the state agricultural convention held in February, 1885, together with other practical papers
Vol. XXIII (1885)

Beach, C. R.
Science in agriculture,   pp. 280-301


Page 283

SeiENcE iN AGRICULTITRE. 
time and-thousands of.,'.milesof ,space, will,' find in this coin- 
eide n-ce a -conformation -öf'Your-theory. 
But I who believe in the transmutation of souls, imagine 
the possibility of our distinguished Iawyer, farmer and uni- 
versity law professor and that old Persian Rabbi.. being 
, identically one and the same individual. 
But to my subjeet! 
Science is the philosophy of f acts,. It answers to the- 
question 'I Why?   Its province is to explain why things 
are as thev* are. It deals with' eauses, first principles, 
law. 
We find ourselves surrounded on every side by an endless 
variety of objeets, and unceasing aetivities, the forms in 
which matter presehts itself are in-finite, yet behind' within 
and around each individual object are forces at work-im- 
pelling it to assume new forms and still greater varieties; 
nothing is permanent, nothing is'at rest. 
To determine what these forees in nature are, to explain 
how they act and the chänges they produce, and at the 
same time to show how they may be made to supply the 
wants, to lessen Iabor, and to add to the comfort or the hap- 
piness of man " is the field that pÜvsical seience claims for 
itselL This field is. as wide as the universe, and as bound- 
less as immensity. 
It reaches out on the one hand as though it would grasp 
the infinite, and en the other it busies its.elf with partivles 
and atoms, and molecules of matter so small that even the 
imagination eannot concei ve of their littleness. 
The first, and perhaps the most important truth, that sci- 
ence has revealed, is that the laws that gövern mattör aet 
with unvarying precision and mathematkal exactness. 
Were I to drop a ball from any given height, knowing the 
Iaw ot gravitation, 1 could tell without mist.-.ke the time it 
would occutpy in f'allino-, the ý mgm a.ntum it would acquire 
and the foree it would exert when it struck the ground. 1 
might drop the same ball f rom a hundred different -heights, 
with a hundred different results, vet each result could be 
predieted with precision and exaetness. 
By the äpplication of the same law we may determine 


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