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Hennessey and Company / Plat book of Racine and Kenosha counties, Wisconsin : including plats of the villages, cities and townships of the counties, map of the state, United States and world
(1908)

Analysis of the system of United States land surveys



k!'
irallel with the Meridian.
wre indicated by Roman
then comes IRatie ILY.
ges East of the Meridian
rutian. .0e litagram, 0.
e Base L-ie. These are designated as Township
ith the Basm Line. This plan is followed both
Lne is reached. These divisions or Townships are
fi    . For instance: The first six mile division
, 5 ad 6, North, and so on. The same plan is
th, and so on. The " North" or "South" (the
i squares,which are Called "Townships" or "Government Townships,"
)wnships ar a very important feature in locating or describing a piece
when the number of the Township and Range is given, by merely
*inple of this, Township 8 North, Range 4, West of the 5th Principal
It tiers north of the Base Line and 4 tiers west of the Meridian.
DIAGRAN
' i
   thom.     This, however, is
   lu    mo!  sible by: (1st) the
   laa      large areams; (2nd:
b ondarie not falling exactly
hP 1"nes. (3rd) by the convergi
1404ians or curvature of the eaw
wby maccurate survej
    T   n     unless it is one o
ption' c    -e referred to, is div:
36 squares, which are called Secti
30 SeCtions are intended to be
, or 30 rods, square and contain
of land.     Sections are numb,
ectivoly from  I to 36, as showt
PAL4. Beging with Section:
ortheast Corner, they run Wes
ten Fast -to 12, then West to 18,
n, back and forth, until they end,
ion 36 in the Southeast Corner.
)iagram 4 shows a plat of a Town
is divided and platted by the goN
t surveyors.  Ahese Townships
d Gover ment Townships or Conk
A Townships, to distinguish them I
P Townships or organized Towns]
equently the lines of organized T(
sdo not conform to the Governi
nshin lines.
fre-
ies-
SECTIONS OF LAND.
        TAGRAM 5 illustrates how a see
        may be subdivided, although
        Diagram only gives a few of
        many subdivisions into   whic
section   may be divided.    All Sect
  (except fractional Sections) are supp
Scontain 640 acres--a number easily divi
the convenience of the owners of the ]
  contains 160 acres; half of a quarter coi
  and so on. Each piece of land is de)
  embraces-as the Northeast quarter of
  quarter of Section 10. Diagram 5 sh
  shows the plan of designating and dese
  Diagram is marked with its description.
  As has already been stated, all Sec
  where) are supposed to contain 640 acre
  a! is frequently the case, making sectioi
  nizes no variation, but. sells or grants es
  The Government Surveyors are n
  them, but they usually establish Quart
  tioints marked A. B. C. and D. on D
5
9
0
4
      DIAGRAN
... wa o .t,~N.A
are NA"4W4=L F..
I
FRACTIONAL PIECES OF LAND.
ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRE3S, IN THE VkAK . sY U . A. .-        
         "*-m........
ti
5.
DrAGRAN
4~
F,
0
P.'
I
05              N.E. ,/4
0                160 A.
0,
           N.    of S. I
                  80 A.
            ofS.E.34 1   .
            (2DA.)   ofI
            S. 34 of S.W. 14
            of S.E. 9
          D  (20A.)
8VBDIVIDIG A SECTIO
I
am


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