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Rahmlow, H. J. (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. XXX (September 1939/July-August 1940)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 30, no. 11: July-August, 1940,   pp. [305]-328


Page 308

 
WISCONSIN  HORTICULTURE 
Codling Moth not Troublesome 
   Due to the rain and cool \vea- 
 ther, codling moth did not ap- 
 pear troublesome, at least until 
 the first half of July. Writes S. 
 S. Telfer, Ellison Bay: \Ve are 
 not troubled with codling moth 
 so far. The orchard is exception- 
 ally free from all insect pests 
 which have given us trouble ini 
 the past. There are no leaf roller 
 or aphids present. 
   ,'he rain and cold weather dur- 
 ing codling moth sprays reduced 
 them  considerably and at this 
 time we seem to have them well 
 under control, writes Sunrise Or- 
 chard, Gays Mills. 
   ,\. K. Bassett, Baraboo, states 
 the codling moth seems to be late 
 in hatching this year probably 
 due to the cold weather. 
   In soutlhern WVisconsin the sit- 
 uation is a little more severe than 
 further north. Ralph Irwin, Lan- 
 caster, states that there is some 
 evidence of worms and that they 
 have had trouble with codling 
 moth in the past. He wants more 
 information on non-arsenical ma- 
 terials for later sprays. 
   N. C. Jacobs, Sturgeon Bay, 
 and Martin Wiepking, Cedar- 
 burg, write that codling moth 
 will not be bothersome this year 
 because the trees have been 
 sprayed thoroughly. 
 NEW APPLE VARIETIES FOR 
      THE STATE FAIR 
M R. VIRGIL FIELDHOUSE 
     of Dodgeville writes: "I im 
very glad to see the Melba and 
Milton apples get recognition as 
individuals at the Wisconsin State 
Fair this year. I am wondering, 
however, if there are enough 
bearing trees to supply trays and 
pyramids of these varieties. 
  "The large exhibitors are not 
much interested in the new varie- 
ties, so I believe it is up to the 
smaller growers to exhibit them." 
What Types Of Apple 
     Containers Shall We Use 
            For Selling Our Crop 
E ARLY in July we asked a 
     number of our fruit growers 
 in various sections of the state 
 the question, "What kind of ap- 
 ple containers will you use this 
 fall to market your crop?" 
   The answers to the question 
 indicated that most commercial 
 growers will use the bushel bas- 
 ket. However, here are some of 
 the statements made: 
   S. S. Telfer, Ellison Bay, 
 writes, "In the past we have used 
 tub bushel baskets principally for 
 marketing our apples. For the 
 better grades of apples, especial- 
 ly the McIntosh, we have used 
 the corrugated box containing 
 eight trays, designed by the Na- 
 tional Container  Association's 
 Research Department. We will 
 undoubtedly use these two types 
 of container again this season." 
 Arno Meyer of Waldo will use 
 a box of which the dimensions 
 are 16y2x14xllY2. 
 N. A. Rasmussen states that 
 they will use bushel baskets and 
 their special baskets which are of 
 heavy corrugated cardboard, with 
 cover and handle. No boxes will 
 be used except of special bushel 
 size of the same type as the bas- 
 kets. 
 Dawson Hauser of Bayfield 
 states that they will probably 
 use bushel baskets, although a 
 container that would pack and 
 ship 8 or 10 pounds of fruit if it 
 were cheap enough would be a 
 good thing. 
 Containers for Local Markets 
 The question was asked a num- 
 ber of growers, "If you market 
 your fruit locally, are you using 
 paper bags or special types of 
 baskets? And if so, why?" 
 Arno Meyer states: "The pa- 
per bag suits the customer best." 
   Sunrise Orchard, Gays Mills, 
 states: "We use a few open mesh 
 bags and paper sacks for local 
 sales. Most of our customers that 
 buy at the orchard supply their 
 own container." 
   A. K. Bassett of Baraboo 
 states: "We use bushel baskets, 
 half-bushel baskets, and paper 
 bags for peck or smaller amounts. 
 These seem to be the cheapest 
 containers to obtain and our cus- 
 t( mers as a general rule, do not 
 like to pay for any high priced 
 fancy containers." 
   N. A. Rasmussen, Oshkosh, 
 states: "Paper bags and mesh 
 bags are good for retail sales. 
 Till and special baskets are good 
 for better fruits. We also use 
 baskets of 8 and 12 quart size 
 with large bulshel box style for 
 shipping." 
   Ralph Irwin of Lancaster mar- 
 kets a large part of his crop at 
 retail and uses paper bags for 
 peck and half-bushel orders, and 
 burlap bags for bulk sales, with 
 baskets for the better grades. He 
 has a market for culls and bur- 
 lap bags are cheapest for these. 
 Martin Wiepking, Cedarburg, 
 writes: "Selling to consumers, 
 we sell in paper bags Y4 peck and 
 2 peck and peck size. Very few 
 are sold in bushel lots." 
 N. C. Jacobs of Sturgeon Bay, 
 states that for the few apples 
 sold locally to consumers they 
 bring their own containers. 
           Misplaced 
  A group of angry and impa- 
tient men were inquiring why the 
8:47 was not at the platform at 
9:55. 
  A porter supplied an adequate 
explanation. 
  "Bill can't remember where he 
put the engine last night," he 
said. 
308 
July-Atigust, 1940 


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