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Rahmlow, H. J. (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. XXX (September 1939/July-August 1940)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 30, no. 9: May, 1940,   pp. [241]-272


Page 251

 
WISCONSIN  HORTICULTURE 
   "We are hoping this year to 
 freeze some strawberries at the 
 locker plant in the cold room by 
 spreading them out on a screen 
 and forcing an air draft over the 
 berries by using one of the pre- 
 cooling machines with their big 
 motor to make the freezing as 
 nearly continuous as possible. 
   "I would be glad to have this 
 tried out in other places also as 
 something very definite must be 
 done to make a frozen success 
 of the berry industry." 
 NEW LIGHT ON TOMATO 
     BLOSSOM END ROT 
 E VERY year gardeners are 
 faced with the problem       of 
 blossom end rot on tomatoes. Un- 
 til comparatively recently this 
 was considered a fungus disease 
 and attempts were made to con- 
 trol it by spraying. However, the 
 Connecticut Experiment Station 
 at New Haven has been working 
 onl the subject and Dr. Horsfal 
 states that it is caused by the ex- 
 cessive removal of water from 
 the fruit and leaves. 
 Under ordinary conditions, a 
 balance is maintained between 
 the amount of water drawn tip 
 by the roots and that given off 
 by the leaves. Anything that dis- 
 rupts this balance reacts onl the 
 tomatoes. A period of hot dry 
 weather, particularly after a 
 rainy spell that has caused an ex- 
 cess of soft top growth, will pro- 
 duce the rot. Dr. Horsfal also 
 found this to be true in the case 
 of strong winds. The moisture is 
 taken from the leaves so fast that 
 they, in turn, draw on the supply 
 in the fruits. The blossom end 
 suffers most and a breakdown oc- 
 curs within the cells in that re- 
 gion with the result that what is 
 called blossom end rot appears. 
 Consequently, the one and only 
 way to prevent this rot is to keep 
 the plants growing slowly but 
 steadily. To allow soft, sappy 
 growth through over-fertilizing 
 or watering invites trouble. 
-From Horticulture. 
  HOW   TO PROTECT BLUE- 
     BERRY PLANTS FOR 
            WINTER 
    Allan Troemner, Friendship 
 I   have  successfully wintered 
    highbush blueberry plants for 
 several years here at Friendship. 
 I simply bend the bushes over 
 and cover with straw. I am care- 
 ful to avoid breaking too much 
 of the wood. Blocks of wood or 
 stone may be used to weight 
 down the shoots. Straw is applied 
 as soon as the ground starts 
 freezing in the fall. Later, any ex- 
 posed shoots may be covered 
 with snow. So far this has worked 
 out well in protecting   plants 
 from low winter temperatures. 
    THE TURLEY APPLE IN 
            INDIANA 
 M R. H. D. SIMPSON, Vincen- 
      & ns, Indiana, one of the 
 leading apple growers in that 
 section, writes in regard to the 
 Turley apple as follows: 
   "The quality of Turley is not 
 as good as Stayman. It is a fine 
 baking apple for it has size and 
 skin that holds the flesh together 
 when baked. It is of fair quality. 
   "The tree grows very fast and 
 the limbs are heavy. It grows 
 much like Stayman but is even 
 a stronger grower. It bears rath- 
 er early and the fruit is large. 
 We like the trees to bear rather 
 heavily so as to hold down the 
 size. Here, to get the best color, 
 we pick it three to four times, but 
 with you the color may come on 
 faster and one or two pickings 
 might be sufficient. They should 
 be sold out of cold storage by the 
 forepart of February as they 
 scald some." 
 Teacher-Johnny, now that the 
 big nations of Europe are at war 
 again, can you tell the class what 
 great change occurred during the 
 First World War? 
 Johnny -    Yes, ma'am. Pa 
brought ma a new washboard. 
  Home is that place where part 
of the family wait until the oth- 
cis are through with the car. 
          FOR SALE 
  Strawberry Plants. Fall cov- 
ered. Beaver, Premier, Catskill, 
Dunlap, Latham raspberry plants. 
Alfred Isaacson, R. 4, Menomo- 
nie, Wisconsin. 
r      .ROM      -. . 
T 
I 
Now you can save mon- 
ey by assembling your 
berry boxes with the 
fast-working Neva-Clog 
hand stapler. It's quick, 
easy, and fun to do. You 
can assemble 5 boxes a 
minute with this prac- 
tical pocket sized stap- 
ler. What's more, you'll 
get stronger, more at- 
tractive boxes -boxes 
            you'll be proud to mar- 
            ket your fruit in. 
Get everything you need in fruit, vege- 
table, plant boxes and crates at thrifty 
Sheboygan prices. Leading growers 
have preferred this big, complete line 
for 60 years. Write today for color- 
ful, free folder and prices. 
   Sheboygan Fruit Box Co. 
5440 CT           Sheboygan, Wi6. 
heboygan 
Fruit and berry boxes] 
. " "' "d"' " " I 
May, 1940 
251 


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