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Rahmlow, H. J. (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. XXX (September 1939/July-August 1940)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 30, no. 8: April, 1940,   pp. [209]-240

Page 239

Shrubs And Evergreens For 
      Ornamental Planting and Hedges 
                                     G. Wm. Longenecker 
Q UESTION: What are the 
    best evergreens to use for 
hedges, both tall and low hedges, 
and for sunny and shady loca- 
tions? Which are suitable for 
northern Wisconsin? 
  Answer: The best evergreens 
for hedges in sunny locations in 
Wisconsin are the American Ar- 
borvitae and the White Spruce. 
The Arborvitae can be used eith- 
er as a low or tall hedge, accord- 
ing to the method of pruning 
used. The White Spruce works 
out better as a tall hedge. 
  In the shade, the Canadian 
Hemlock and the Japanese Yew 
make the best hedges. The Hem- 
lock burns rather badly in an 
exposed situation so that it should 
always be used in shade or semi- 
shade. The Yew, however, is 
quite lenient in its demands and 
will grow fairly well in a sunny 
situation. Both of these ever- 
greens like good soils and con- 
siderable leaf mold. 
  Question: What is the best de- 
ciduous shrub to use for a low 
hedge? For a tall hedge? Which 
are best for the colder sections 
of the state? 
  Answer: There are a number 
of deciduous shrubs which make 
good low   hedges. The Alpine 
Currant and the Peking Coton- 
easter are two which are very 
good for Wisconsin conditions. 
Both of them will grow in sun or 
shade. The Alpine Currant can 
be held down somewhat lower 
than  the Peking   Cotoneaster. 
They are both valuable for back- 
grounds to perennial and rose 
gardens because they are light 
feeders and do not use a great 
deal of fertility from adjoining 
  For a tall, deciduous hedge, I 
would suggest using the Tartar- 
ian Honeysuckle or the Common 
  All four of the above hedges 
are hardy throughout Wiscon- 
sin. The Buckthorn, however, 
does much better in the northern 
part of the state. 
  Question: What are the three 
best trees for street planting in 
a city ? 
  Answer: It is hard to say what 
three trees are best for street 
tree planting because there are 
such varying conditions of soil, 
moisture, smoke, etc. The tree 
that has been used probably more 
than any other in the past is the 
American Elm. Other trees are 
being used more at present be- 
cause of the damage to elms by 
European elm scale, elm beetle, 
and  Dutch elm    disease. The 
Thornless Honey Locust (Gled- 
itsia triacanthos inermis) is be- 
ing used more and more as a 
street tree because it is not both- 
ered by insects or diseases. It is 
a beautiful tree and has excellent 
  The Pin Oak is another tree 
which is becoming more and 
more popular. It has the excellent 
character of the oaks and is eas- 
ily transplanted because of its 
fibrous root system. It is par- 
ticularly valuable on  narrow 
streets because of its upright 
habit of growth. The Pin Oak is 
not particularly hardy in the 
northern part of the state and I 
would suggest using the Red Oak 
in its place where the tempera- 
tures are more rigorous. 
  Question: Our house    faces 
South. We would like to plant 
some shrubs growing to medium 
height between the door and the 
windows. What shrubs would you 
recommend for this purpose? 
What medium size shrub will 
grow well on the North side of 
the house? 
  Answer: This question is hard 
to answer because we do not know 
enough of the details. It would 
be easy enough to select a shrub 
which would stand the conditions 
of heat and possibly lack of mois- 
ture, but we know nothing of 
the type of house, so that it is 
impossible to select a shrub with 
the proper texture, flower color, 
fall color, and branch habit. 
  The Downy Viburnum (Vibur- 
num   pubescens) is a medium 
growing shrub which will with- 
stand the above conditions. 
  The Gray Dogwood and Wing- 
ed Euonymus are medium grow- 
ing shrubs which will do very 
well on the north side of the 
house, particularly where there 
isn't competition with tree roots. 
G  ARDEN     Clubs throughout 
VWisconsin, planning     their 
current programs, will be inter- 
ested in the charming myths and 
legends connected with flowers 
and herbs presented by Dorothy 
Moulding Brown, the wife of the 
director of the State Historical 
Museum at Madison. Mrs. Brown 
has made a study of flower and 
herb lore, both of the Indian and 
of those told and loved by our 
  A student of Wisconsin and 
American folklore and folk ways, 
Mrs. Brown has been presenting 
informal talks on various folk- 
lore  subjects throughout the 
state. She has prepared a special 
treat for all garden lovers. Any 
club interested in a program "de- 
lightfully different" may write 
Mrs. Brown for details. Address 
2011 Chadbourne Ave., Madison. 
A4pril, 1940 

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