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Rahmlow, H. J. (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. XXX (September 1939/July-August 1940)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 30, no. 8: April, 1940,   pp. [209]-240

Page 237

Brown's Yew 
     Upright Japanese Yew 
  The upright Japanese Yew, 
Taxus cuspidata, is usually more 
wide than tall. It branches out 
from   the bottom  with several 
stems that develop into   iush 
form. There is considerable va- 
riation in the different strains 
sold under this name. Some are 
looser growing than others, and 
there may be some variation iii 
color and rapidity of growth. 
         Growing Yews 
  The Japanese Yews appreciate 
gi0d soil and plenty of water. 
l leavily fertilized trees make a 
rapid growth. In fact, they grow 
l:ossibly more rapidly than other 
forms of ornamental evergreens. 
  In order to develop the form 
rue may desire in the particular 
location where these evergreens 
are planted, they shotld be lirti- 
elr every year. 
 S WEET PEAS, like their edible 
    cousins, like cool weather, 
and tend to stop flowering wvhen 
hot summer weather arrives. 
   The awarding of a silver medal 
in All America trials for 1940 to 
a new strain which is both large 
flowered and early-, comes as 
good news to all hot weather sec- 
tions of the country. 
   Spring Flowering Rose Pink is 
the name of the new variety 
which wvon tie silver medal. In 
the same strain are Spring Flow- 
ering Blue (bronze medal) and 
Spring   lowvering Lavender (hon- 
orable mention). All these have 
the characteristics of the new 
strain, which are a flowering sea- 
sin legiitinrg half way between 
(he e;rrly and late Spencers, flox- 
ers as numerous an(d as large as 
the late Spencers, anti a remark- 
able ability to withstand ho t 
weather, pr-iongini their flow'- 
ering season. 
   Sweet Peas should be sown 
early. If not started inbid(ors, they 
should be sown in the ropen as 
soon as the ground can le pre- 
pared. It helps inoculate the seeds 
with a nitrogen culture, which 
hastens germination, and stimu- 
lates growth. 
         Planting Depth 
  The soil should be well pre- 
pared a foot deep and enriched 
by adding balanced plant food, 
atout a pint to a 25 foot row. The 
old practice of sowing the seed 
at the bottom of a shallow trench. 
and filling in soil as the plants 
grow, is now frowned upon by 
most gardeners. They prefer to 
sow the seeds two inches deep, 
and use normal cultural meth- 
ods. The vines should be given 
something to climb, and they 
should be watered regularly. 
Q UESTION: What is a good lawn 
    seed mixture? 
  Answer: A good lawn seed mixture, 
according to Prof. Laurence G. Holmes 
of our College of Agriculture, Horti- 
culture Department, is four parts of 
Kentucky Blue Grass, one part Red 
Top, one part Colonial Bent. Perhaps 
you cannot buy such a mixture, so buy 
the seed separately and sow each kind 
separately instead of trying to miix 
  Question: How ltuc'l seed should be 
  used in making a lawn? 
  Answer: About one pound of the mix- 
  ture for from 300 to 350 square feet of 
lawn is the usual recominiendation for 
the new seeding. To rejuvenate the 
lawn  requires a little  less-1  lb.  for 
froni 400 to 500 square feet. 
  Question: What is a good grass for 
the shady lawn? 
  Answer: Rough stalk rieadow grass 
can lib used successfully if there is 
iiot too iiuch shade. 
  Question: How can I fertilize the 
lawn ? 
  Answer: Prof. L. . Illohnes recomi- 
"'ends using about 30 lbs. of a con- 
Ilete fertilizer per thousand square 
feet, appilying it about every four 
Years. This complete fertilizer -can be 
of several different formulas, such as 
111-8-6, or others. An annual apl)lica- 
tion of from 3 to 4 lbs. of ammoinnium 
sulphate per 1,000 square feet is reconi- 
mended, applied either in the spring or 
in sjilit applications, in  spring  and  raid- 
su-iitrrer. It  must  lie  watered  well to 
irevent burning. 
           Prune Roses 
 Q  UESTION: W'hen and how should 
     1 prtue roy bush roses? 
  Answer: Early in the sprng before 
growth starts is the best time to prune 
roses, although many gardeners prune 
therm sonie in the fall before covering. 
Prune the stronger shoots the least, 
and the weaker shoots most severely. 
Moderate pruning would be cutting the 
branches back so as to leave only from 
three to five eyes on each shoot. Heavy 
pruning results in longer sterns of new 
growth. Too light pruning may result 
in slurt steiis with  inferior quality  of 
    Apple Var:etiea for the Garden 
  Question: We would like to have an 
early apple tree in our garden. What 
variety would you suggest that has 
high quality? 
  Answer: As a high quality early ap- 
ple we would suggest first, Melba 
which is the earliest, maturing the 
first ten days in August; and second, 
Milton, maturing several weeks later. 
Both are red apples, crosses of Mc- 
Intosh and good eating apples. If the 
garden is small we would advise pur- 
chasing trees top-worked on semi- 
dwarfing rootstock so they will not 
become too large. 
Upright Japanese Yew 
April, 1940 

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