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Rahmlow, H. J. (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. XXX (September 1939/July-August 1940)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 30, no. 6: February, 1940,   pp. [145]-176

Page 173

)hR     many years beekeepers 
    have been discussing the prob- 
 able causes for queen supersed- 
 ure, especially in package bees. 
 If the cause were a simple one 
 such as "manipulating the col- 
 ony too soon after installation" 
 or "giving too many combs," we 
 would no doubt have reached the 
 solution long ago. 
   The Central States Bee Labo- 
 ratory, Madison, has given us a 
 new angle on this problem. All 
 beekeepers should read Circular 
 E-473, entitled, "A Preliminary 
 Report on the Influence of Stock 
 on Supersedure or Loss of Queen 
 Quality of Stock Major Factor 
         in Queen Loss 
   Putting it bluntly, the report 
 states that the quality of the 
 breeding stock is the major fac- 
 tor in contributing to queen loss. 
 A large number of tests with 
 packages from different shippers 
 located in seven southern states 
 point to this conclusion. 
 The circular states, "Certain 
 lines of stock were definitely in- 
 ferior to others in quality and 
 quantity of brood and in the 
 amount of honey produced." 
 Improving a strain of bees by 
 breeding is of course far more 
 difficult than improving strains 
 of because of the fact 
 that we cannot always control 
 the quality of the drone used. 
 Furthermore, we probably have 
 not known just where the best 
 stock is until the Central States 
 Bee Laboratory undertook this 
 work  of  comparing   different 
 It is very interesting to note 
 the wide difference in the amount 
 of surplus honey produced by the 
 best strain of bees as compared 
 with the poorest strain. After 
deducting 60 pounds of honey re- 
quired for wintering, the bulle- 
tin reports that in 1938, the best 
colony produced a surplus of 250 
lpounds of honey', wvhile the poor- 
est one producedI30 pounds, or 
30 l)ounds less than enough for 
   Dr. C. L. Farrar reported at 
 our convention at Ripon in Oc- 
 tober that the tests conducted by 
 the Laboratory this past year 
 with 13 lots of package bees. 10 
 packages in each lot, showed re- 
 sults similar to those reported 
 above. The best group of 10 pack- 
 ages gave an average production 
 of 160 pounds of surplus honey, 
 with no loss of queens. The aver- 
 age production of the next two 
 best lots was 150 pounds of sur- 
   The poorest lots of 10 pack- 
 ages, averaged 55 pounds of str- 
 plus honey, with a loss of 4 
 queens. The next two poorest 
 lots produced 65 pounds and 95 
 pounds of honey respectively. 
   In the best group, all 10 pack- 
ages produced above the aver- 
age. In the three poorest groups, 
all colonies produced consider- 
ably below average. 
   Available Pollen Important 
   I ack of lpollen is no doubt the 
second most important reason 
for failure of package colonies. 
Unless we have combs of reserve 
pollen which we can give the 
bees on introduction, it is best 
not to have packages shipped un- 
til pollen is available from the 
field. The queen will start to lay 
eggs soon after introduction, and 
a few bees will be matured by the 
colony  even if pollen  is not 
available, probably from body re- 
        TIMESAVERS ! ! 
          Frame Spacers 
  New! Space nine  combs  in  a  ten- 
  frame super in 1/3 to 1/2 less time than 
  by hand. Ask your local dealer  for 
  drmonstration. Write for circular. 
       H. A. SCHAEFER 
       Osseo, Wisconsin 
  Cash paid for cars and less 
than cars comb and extracted 
honey. Mail sample and best 
price. C. W. Aeppler Company, 
Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. 
  Mr. E. R. Root, Medina, Ohio, 
of the A. I. Root Company, has 
indicated he will be pleased to 
attend and speak at the summer 
convention of the Wisconsin Bee- 
keepers Association, to be held 
in July. 
        Retails at SOc 
  Just the thing to increase 
honey sales. 
We allow 40% discount to bee. 
keepers in lots of I dozen. 
  We have $1.00 Dripcuts, and 
$1.00 Fiesta Dripcuts at 40% dis- 
count in lots of 1 dozen. 
Prices F.O.B. Menomonee Falls 
 Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin 
      LOTZ BEE 
 Let This Be Your Leader 
      Through 1940! 
For over 40 years the name 
of Lotz has meant depend- 
ible values and reliable serv- 
ice for beekeepers every- 
where. Let us be your guide 
in meeting your beekeeping 
A complete line of bee sup- 
plies will be found in our 
new 1940 catalog, which is 
now available for you. If 
you are not on our mailing 
list, write for your free 
copy at once! 
February, 1940 

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