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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 12: August, 1911,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.3 MB)

Page 2

The Summer 
   Peonies. like apples, will not grw    Ales for which hic wS1,1 to hl1,
 in the extrilmet Stith. But there is   taid $I.5it,.  It is jidide     
 no limit till thie North.              la:rger siuns liavi lbein paid P
   While pi)titits are perfeitly hardy  oftel for single j|iltilts if rhiil.s
 to any kitid of w inters, the bud.i are for any  tithier kill(] 4)f pljitn.
 sontetilties killed biy late spiringfrosts.  thousand dolllarls fio ;in
trt:ii was 
 It is true if the l'turoipean varieties not an iumtmtltt   ,'   ili l, oii-i
 especially.  American varieties sel-   tIlh of the nineteenth tli'tury.
 doin get taught, altid the Terry sorts icist tif obltaining tittl is sit
 are always siin', t,, c.,,no through arld bothl in luoloy anti human life,
 bloom.                                 the winder is that they :11- so tlhtajt.
   Fall setting is tile best. Next to   Many a mail ias spent months il 
 that, very early spring. Late spring is tease jungles, risked and lost his
 pretty surir ti always l;prove a failure.  health where he knew no) whitite
 Set as soon after September first as   was safe, held his life in his lianlds
 possible.                              amiong unfriendly savages, all for
   Fall-set rotots of fair size, (sspecially  (-hal(-e of finding some new
kind. At 
 the American sorts,' will bloom em'ily  hit pIresent lime tollectors anr
 next spring.                           (iigaged il starilhing tile tropjicis,
   Many i)(tliis, .espeially the Euro- striking iovilti(ýs art, lw
rarely dis- 
 pean sorts, are shy liltittmters and doi  coiverid. 
 not c.ome in lih)tio till four or five   It is not so nmch the dlifliculty
 years from siting, aini only bloom     and dlangter that takes the torc.htid
 seatteringly thiii. 'lih(, Terry an(t  costly, as rarity or peculiarity.
 other Amneitcan sorts are pira(tlitlly cypripttdiit tof Baron Schroeder
 all free bloomers.                     a variety raised in his own   green-
   Tule rootts blouidl lie sit so that tile  iomis., autIi stone of thie
most costly 
 (rown ori bud will I)v two or three    hav(, liecit hlyibridis producied
with th(e 
 inches ititilr tiie grotund.           litniist car,. 
   Set thet plants, notl less titan three ,ilVout 4(N) gl'lt.ra are now known,
feet aparit tac.h 1\1y. They live twenty  comlprising 3,0(0) or more speeies.
to thirty Yvars., m ineed plenty of     They are- almost all remarkabhle
ft r 
room. For large ilvitmls four feet is   tie grotesque form. of their roots
nl)ne too ftr.                          steins, or for the   fragrance, bril-
  Old ('lutils will do bietter if di-   lianey, a'tl odd structture of tih
vidtd. A diizeit giotd stemis us bettr (I rs. They are universally acknowl-
than morit . August oir Septembier is  edged to rank among the mnost singu-
the tli e fir this.- /7"' lrIiit G;i,(t'l,.  lar and most varied forms
in the 
                                        vegetable kingdom. They are natives
                                        of nearly every part of the world.
                                          The orchid ,seens to   prefer the
          AmLTTA F. D)EAN\.             mttore interesting, or the more ornta-
  T'oi miain peopile thet niame Ori.hid mental side of lift. Not many of
ionveys thet idea of a ltiwv rare. dis- them condes.etidi tot be humbnly
tant, aiid. excepting to tie very rich, fill, nor ti Iund themselves to the
unattainabhl.                          sordid demands of commerce.      The
  Indeed tin' story of thei cost of    salep of conmmerce is a nutritive
some of th(le orcihids seems to 1)eloug stance something like sago, from
rather to fi.titn than fact. Within  roots of the Asiatic orehid.       Our
a  few   yel rs iii England  Ba rin    flavoring, vanilla, is made from the
Schroeder has sold a unique variety    fruit of it West Itndian kind, and
of eypripedium  for $1,825. A numi-    common Putty-root is said to be use-
her of years ago I saw in thle tassa-  fill ili mending broken dishes. 
chtusetts IHorticultural Society  ex-    The interest in orchids is not de-
hibit alt trchidi hilongimr t,) lnr,tlI .lining. Tle work  of hybridizing
August, 1911 
   Sth(i    f is f11 of interest, and the po 
   sibility of obtaining it desirable ne 
   variety is in exciting one. Speei, 
run very true--there are few sport 
   A   blossom produe(s a great alto, 
   dance of s(,ed. These facts ought i 
   - imake it a vahlilde plant for (hi stoi 
   of heredity. Nature must yield ai[ 
   her se.crets ini time. Wiat qualitit-. 
   what caou, s of qualities does a pltini 
   get   from   its seied-parent? Wi;ii 
   fr-it its pollen-pare(nt  What froi(, 
   its grand-parentss?  Why? 
     t have endeavored in sinit sIglil 
   measure to make a study of heredit 
   as shown in the orchid hybrids whit.i 
   have Itsii produced in great abum 
   dance in recent years. And rigli 
   here there is a complaint to mak,. 
   against hortic.ultulrists. (ývii agail- 
   that prince of    them--Bailey-thl. 
   author of our (,yel oedia of Ilorti 
   Ctultutre. They publish no completi 
   record of the wonderful results whi ih 
   the y have at hieved.  Some do not 
   keep such rec.,ords at all. The pedi- 
   gree of choice oirchiiis is said to I)(. 
   kept as carefully as that of hunting- 
   dogs, or of rate-horses. But olh, 
   what poor inicomplehte descriptions \\ 
   fitl ili the liooks, both of hybrids mld 
   of their parents, leaving us to gue'ss 
   at the hereditary tentcneies andi tii 
   real relationship! 
     If the habit of growth, and ft.l 
   shape anti color of the orchid is ill 
   teresting how nmuch more so is it- 
   pollination ' In  most orthids tl.. 
   pollen grains coliere in masses. Her,- 
   ean he no dispersal by     the witi,. 
   neither can the pollen drop upon ti:,, 
   stigma of its own flower. Some mill; 
   or butterfly or unwilling bee must I1 
   ptersuaded to do the work, or it wi'; 
   not be done. This wonderful par' 
   nership of flitwer and insect l)arwii 
   long ago described. 
     This group--iti irciiids-imake u: 
  the body of the aristocracy of tfl 
  plant kingdom, the nobility, the old 
  est of the old families, and the min 
  highly   specialized. Their   highe- 
  development was reached     in  sore." 
  prehistorie age when they were tlI 
  ionre dominant type. Perhaps tht., 

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