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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 9: May, 1911,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.2 MB)

Page 2

with the annuals, or later ilc the suni- 
mer, but if sown late give the seed- 
bed a cool, damp place or keep the 
ground shaded and quite moist until 
the plants appear, or very like]. the 
seed \i611 not germinate. 
   The perennials fill a Sca'e thait but 
 for them  would he ahniccst destitute 
 of flowers, for after the bullbs, they 
 give us our earlijest spring flowers. 
 Some of the perennials may also he 
 p;ropiigated by cuttings or division of 
 the old clumps ,,f roots. Peoie-s are 
 one of the old tinie favorites that 
 ought to hle ill every garden. They 
 like a rich. well drained soil in a 
 stinny location. and whlen once es- 
 tabdislied should reimain undisturbed 
 for years. 
 The D)ay Lily is another plant im- 
 patient of disturbanee and when once 
 lohnted should not he molested; it is 
 iot Ilcirticular wa. to location. The 
 lIardy lPhlox i   acnother perennial 
 Iiuhl,  forfirst paicce as a hardy 
 border plant; it succeeds in alicost 
 any soil enriched with manure but is 
 much benefited by a mulching of rot- 
 ted manure in spring. If the flower 
 spikes are cut off as soon as over, a 
 second crop ccf blccin extending until 
 late fall may Le excected. A   good 
 effec-t is produced icy pclanting iiuassc.s 
 of each color. 
 The Dielytra    cr Bleeding lfeart 
 thrives in any part of the hardy 
 border; does well ini shady yplaces. 
 The Cccliuhiine-  are old  favorites 
 that sceeed well in sun and shady 
 place:: thiey" are fine for cut flowers. 
 There are many other hardy border 
 plants that are showy and useful for 
 cut flowers, a list of which may lie 
 found in nearly all the seed catalogs. 
 -Bt coclrtcsy of Os/lc Aos/i lort. Soc. 
           I GROW THEM 
             J, J. J IIIn . 
  The subject assigned me, as I have 
interpreted it, is "W'hat Crops I Grow 
and Why I Grow Them." This is a 
sort of lengthy subject ini some re- 
spects. But I will elniminate- as much 
as possible. 
  I grow for market, asparagus, pie- 
plant, beets, beans, carrots, cabbage, 
celery, cucumbers, cauliflower, let- 
tuce, peppers, radishes, onions. mel- 
ons, squash, tomatoes, sweet corn and 
numerous other vegetables and fruits. 
   Now, why do I grow them? Because 
 it diversifies the gardening business 
 inch it sometimes seems necessary if 
 yo, retail to custorcers that you have 
 this variety, and there is some satis- 
 faction in growing the different things 
 But your comniittee may have inl- 
 tended that this subject would apply 
 to some special or main crop.      I 
 therefore will confine my talk tc a 
 few main crops I grow. 
 You would naturally expect that 
 the Nccrdheini sweet corn is cie of 
 the crops I grow, and whv*y I grow this 
 is because it is without question the 
 Ibest 1cra'tical early ccorin for market 
 and therefore brings a good profit. I 
 also grow it fccr seed, being the onri- 
 -inator and breeder of this c,'ii and 
 having fixed icc lily irain, the ideal as 
 to type and quality from a practical 
 standpoint, I believe I can better 
grow this for seed than anyone else 
because of the fact that I am breed- 
ing this corn for a definite purpose. 
  As plant breeders we should en- 
courage everyone to do his ihest, but 
unles.s oi(e cain improve on any indi- 
vidual's work in a certaiii Ii-ne ra thier 
encourage that individual tc, carry 
c,,c ,is work and turn over {ittention 
toc the pi-tractial inclination of cur 
ciiw icgc-nuity-, striving alwayivs to 
p,-oci,,e aid, initrodicee nothing but 
the h,,st. 
  I gicc   :e:ý i -chli as (raicus a111d 
Nott's Excelsicir for quality as well 
is for quantity, and believe that all 
true gardeners should grow only such 
sorts as will give satisfaction. There 
are uiany, I am   sorry to say, who 
grow  the more c-cmmnon field type 
-orts Ieca cisc seed is cheap and they 
are quite early and dump them     on 
the inarket in competition with our 
gccod scorts. This is a damiage to the 
grower and to the trade. The situa- 
tion is this: Along conies a cheap 
quality gardener with the Alaska pea 
and for some unknown reason the 
merchant will load up with about 
four buslihls or more and the cus- 
tomer anxious to get the first early 
peas will make a purchase but after 
using the same will decide to wait 
for something better.    Then along 
comes the high quality gardener with 
the good peas asking for a deserving 
price but the merchant will say, "I 
have this sort oci hand and must sell 
it out first, for if I buy yours I can- 
not sell these."  Then lie will drive 
cc tc, the next merchant finding the 
acle coidt ionis and down comes the 
pricre or lie must go direct to the con- 
stoner, for sell you must and all be- 
c-:1ccse an inferior article is put on the 
,carkiet. This conilition causes less 
cocnisiumcptionc of nmany of our pro- 
ducts.  It therefore lcehoove-c every 
glarchcir tc grow the best if every- 
  I grow tomatoes, as they are a very 
croffitaclce crop, especially if rightly 
handled. I have a special strain of 
c:arly toicatoes of lily ownc selecticic 
;111d1 breeding, calleid lhrig's Nordheim 
which, icy the way, iil comparison with 
tlhe vaiclule iarticles in the Market 
(lowVers ,i ouirnal on tomatoes has 
made a record for me that is greater 
than any of those. I sowed my seed 
Akpril 10 in hctceds, and planted ill 
the field June 10 and It and had 
the first ripe tomatoes July 16, which 
makes froci seed 96 clays and froci 
planting inc the field 36 (lays. There 
is much more to be said on this stilc- 
ject. hut I will close by saying, let 
our icotto Ice quality.-B!/ cocurlesc, 
ccf Os/hkA-osh lIort.Sci,. 
  My c,'cluaintccnce with the Crimsonc 
leii city rtv cascerryi acek a sco-, 
ccf years, ac time siMic-ient for one t, 
form a very good idea of its merit- 
cOr deineri ts 
  One who has a knowledge only o" 
some of the red varieties can i,, 
form  frocn them a good idea of thi 
Crimcson Beauty. It is really in 
class iy itself, differing from the rel- 
in many ways. As its name indicate 
the fruit, when fully ripe, is moi 
of a crincson than red in color, xvi. 
stand up fairly well in the boxe 
which most reds will not. In flay, 
not sweet as the ordinary red, but 
culite marked acidity, which makes - 
a dchsiralcle canning fruit. Propagat, - 
like other reds by suckers but no xvi 
as tcrofusely. When I began growic 
it I set about seeing how much 
coulcd ce improved by selection auil 
May, 1911 

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