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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 7: March, 1911,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.5 MB)

Page 2

2                                WI 
excess, naturally but little care was 
taken under those conditions, and 
the result was that horticulture ]an- 
guished, as we might expect that it 
might languish under that condition 
of affairs.  But with the develop- 
ment of horticulture along      these 
lines has come the introduction of 
the fungous and insect pests which 
now ravage our orchards and horti- 
cultural crops, so that it is no longer 
possible for a man to plant any 
considerable number of orchard trees. 
or even small fruits and have them 
exempt from the ravages of these in- 
sect and fungous pests. I am speak- 
ing now of portions of the country 
that are more thickly settled, for 
here and there in the newer portions 
of the country it is still possible. 
   Last year I was in the northern 
 part of the state, back something like 
 twenty miles from a railroad, and 
 there I found a section of the country 
 where there wAs a small community 
 in which they were growing some of 
 the finest McMahan apples I ever 
 saw. I said to the man with whom 
 I was staying, "Can you grow those 
 apples up here right along?"    Ile 
 said, "Yes."  I said, "How    many 
 have you got?"    Ile said, "I have 
 ten barrels of those in my cellar." 
 There they were, great big magnifi- 
 cent fruit, absolutely free from all 
 blemishý  I said, "'f co-ursie you 
 spray?" I wondered how a man way 
 back there in the hack woods had 
 learned hbw to spray. He said, "I 
 don't know   anything about spray- 
 ing." I -said, "Do you mean to say 
 that you grew those apples without 
 giving them any more care and at- 
 tefion  than   the average   farmer 
 would give them ?" Ile said, "There 
 are my trees and that is all I do 
 for them; I planted them and they 
 are growing this fruit."   That is 
 possible twenty miles from  a rail- 
 road, way back there in the country, 
 where these insect pests have not 
 been introduced, but you open up 
 that country like the southern part 
 of the state is opened up, and it will 
only be a short time before McMahan 
apples will be covered with the cod- 
ling moth, the same as our fruit. 
  With this development of horticul- 
ture that has come up in this small 
way, we are now meeting a set of 
.,onditions which is calling for an 
entire change of front. The distri- 
bution of these fungous and insect 
pests is practically making it impos- 
sible for satisfactory fruit to be prn- 
duced, unless they are attended to in 
the right way, and that is bringing 
about an entire change in horticul- 
tural procedure. From many points 
(If view it is a good thing to have 
to combat these pests, because it 
teaches us the necessity of utilizinp 
the best scientific means for control, 
and gives an opportunity for The ust 
of brains. If we had none of these 
pests there would soon be such an 
overplus of fruit that the market 
would go down to practically noth- 
ing. They say that the price of hogs, 
for instance, is determined by the 
amount of hog cholera that exists. 
Now, if we have got hog cholera, we 
know how to combat it, and the man 
who intelligently combats hog chol- 
era can get the prices that are now 
paid for hogs, whereas the man that 
does not use brains in that connec- 
tion suffers the penalty which ig- 
norance has to pay. 
  In the early days of fruit raising, 
a  similar condition   obtained, but 
with the widespread dissemination of 
these fungous and insect maladies, 
we are reaching the condition where 
horticulture must become a commer- 
vial and intensive proposition, and 
with that comes a change in the at- 
titude of mind which the horticul- 
turist must have. 
  We see throughout the nation at 
large today this enormous develop- 
ment    of   horticultural  interest, 
spreading not only in the West, but 
throughout our own region as well 
as the East. There are some dan- 
gers, however, which confront us in 
connection with this widespread de- 
velopment. Is it overproduction? I 
myself do not believe that this will 
prove a serious danger, because so 
many people are now going into hor- 
ticulture, especially in the western 
parts of the country that go there 
lured by the glittering allurements 
of the printed page, but without hav- 
ing any adequate knowledge of how 
to handle their proposition. A year 
ago I took a trip through the fruit re- 
gions, paying   special attention  t, 
these conditions. In Colorado, Ya 
kima, Bitter Root and Hood River 
I found people pouring :nto thos( 
regions who were paying extrava 
gantly high prices for fruit lands. 1 
inquired further into the charactei 
of the population that were thu:- 
seeking this Golconda of gold tha' 
they were to secure from fruit ano 
I found in a very considerable per 
centage of cases, in fact the ma- 
jority of cases, where the question 
was asked, that it was the rich men, 
sons, for instance, who were sent ow 
there by their fathers, or they were 
speculators, but the., were not horti- 
culturists. Now, you need not feat 
overproduction  from   that kind of 
competition. When those people g,, 
out there and put their hard earned 
dollars, or the dollars of somebod. 
else into a proposition of that sort. 
without any adequate knowledge of 
the scientific care that is necessary 
to grow   an orchard crop, you can 
rest assured that it will only be a 
short lime before th't property will 
be for sale at less than what the' 
paid for ft. 
   Another point is the distance at 
this fruit from the market and th, 
difficulty and cost of getting it t , 
the big markets. When all of th' 
fruit trees now planted in Washinv- 
ton, Oregon and Idaho come int, 
bearing, they told me in Spokane 
that it would take l1O,0100 freight 
cars to haul that fruit to market 
When    you  consider that it take., 
thirty days for a refrigerator freight 
car to leave Spokane and go to tie' 
Atlantic seaboard and return and you 
see that the rush of the season ii 
(confined to thirty to sixty days, y-1 
can see what inadequate faciliti, 
there are for the transportation cowt 
panies to carry a full crop when i, 
is produced. Frequently those are- 
are connected with the markets iH 
the East with one single thread (d 
steel.  I went through    the Royal 
Gorge of the Arkansas and two dae - 
after I went through, there came 
cloud  burst which   ripped  up thl 
Denver & Rio Grande road, coverin' 
it with three feet of mud. Peac', 
trains were held up on the other sid, 
of that gorge for three days, whil, 
March, 1911 

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