Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)
Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 3: November, 1910, pp. -16 PDF (7.5 MB)
WISCONSIN HORTICULTURE November 1910 THE.NEGLECTED HOME ORCHARD "How shall I bring my run- down, neglected orchard back to a state of iirofitalec production?" is a (fucstion which if it were dealt with fully Nwould probably need as ;many answers as there are neglected or- cliards. 'rie very first thing to de- termnine is the rea-son for tle exist- ing unprotitblle condition. Tie rea- son is neglect, of coirse, but negleet may lead to a great variety of troubles, and we must try to find out jlust what the troubles iii ain idlivid- ual (.ise( lhap|Ja-1 to be befor wve crla remiedy them. yt eay is that tle ]hind is low aid poorly drain(j1 andl that the trees suffer front spring frosts atiid "wet feet." If so, that piece of grounl was never nmeant for lila apple or- as much potash" as twenty crops of wheat would remove counting grain and straw with an annual average yield of fifteen bushels per acre. Where the trees are compelled to compete with other crops for a sup- ply of food and water, it is no won- der that they sometimes succumb, considering the heavy demand they themselves nmust make in order to make good yields. Not infrequently the neglected or- clard is unprofitable because the trees are so erowded together thlt there is a struggle for bare distance between one tree in(i its neighbor. The results of this urowded condition may be seen in the long leggy tops, climbing skyward like forest trees, in the struggle for liglht and i air. Such an orchard,i \ith the tops out of ing has very likely not been known to the orchard, and what fruit there is, is scabby, deformed and wormy. Pruning has probably been over- looked, -r if it has been done at all, it has been (lone with an axe in a sort of kill or cure way, which left the trees in worse condition than be- fore. Much is being accomplished nowa- days with these old neglected or- chards by renovation. By renovation is meant plowing, pruning, fertiliz- ing, spraying, digging out the borers, and in short giving the orchard a thorough house-cleaning. After the brush is cleared away (and it is surprising to see how large a quantity of l)riinings a few neg- lected trees will yield), the orchard should be plowed ands harrowed alnd tihe surface made fine. Any one who has broken a twenty-year old blue grass sod in an orchard will appreci- ate why the trees suffer from it. A few surface roots may lie (cut by this plowing. Never mind that but go ahea(l. (let the ground fine and keep it cultivated till hnil-sumnlier, then sow a cover crop which will pro- tect the ground till it is turned un- der the following spring. Along with the cultivation should go a liberal aniount of fertilizer. In De Soto Plum Poplar Trial Orchard, Sept. 1910. Planted May 1904 chard and the best thing to (h1 is to cut the trees at once and get some good fire-wood at least, and then set out some young trees in it umore fa- vorable location. Tie trees may have cea1sed to liel.r fruit because the land, possibly never any too good, has been called upon to furnish continuous crops of hay or grain as well as to supliort tile apple trees. It has been sbown by pretty conclusive experiments thait apple trees set at the rate of thirty- five to the acre (which wouil equal I cing set tbirty-five feet apart (enll way) yielding fifteen buslhels of ai- pies per tree, draw from tie soil in twventy crops more than "twice as much nitrogen, half as mucli again of phosphoric adl nearly three t liies renth, anid tile ends of the branches interlocking, is impossible to care for properly and( can never lie made to yield satisfactorily while in such conditioun. Beside the condition spoken of above, there is another whole class of troublhs brought about by the onlission of those operations of what may lie terried orchard hygiene, which are performed by the comnmer- cial grower is a matter of course. The trees rnay be half choked in a thick tough old sod; this sod is liable to harbor mice and rabbits and lhe trees inay be suffering from their attacks as well as from borers, which tlurive and multiply under the conditions furnished by heavy sod close Ul) to the tree trunks. Spray- WISCONSIN G R 0 W N NURSERY STOCK 'FOR WISCONSIN PLANTERS A full line of Fruit and Ornamental Stock OUR SPECIALTIES: APPLE AND PLUM TREES. CURRANTS, STRAWBERRIES Get our.Price List before Placing your order. Satisfaction Guaranteed - ESTABLISHED IN 1854 ADDRESS Kellogg's Nursery Box 77, Janesville, Wisconsin 14 GRAPE V INES Largest Stock. Best Varieties, Best Grade. a uar (ltlnteu True. We invIte correspond- eni(e from parties Intending to plant. Catalogue and Price List Free. T. S. HUBBARD COMPANY, m. ,,Z StEsiAerSTS Estathltslied 45 Years. FREDONIA, N. Y.
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