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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 2: October, 1910,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.6 MB)

Page 2

October 1910 
am getting ready twenty acres more, 
and if I get it in condition it will 
be planted   also. That will make 
about one hundred and thirty-five 
acres in appes and cherries, and five 
acres in currants and blackberries, 
and one acre in pears. 
  "All the trees I have planted are 
doing fine and quite a sprinkling of 
apples are hanging on the four-year- 
old trees. Where the trees set too 
much fruit I pick them off, I only 
allow a few apples on the tree as I 
do not wish to retard the growth of 
the tree. 
  "I have one four-year-old Bartlett 
pear tree that is looking fine. In 
A. tv unlpowu Lun, of immigratlon supporting 
    Haplield apples. A three pear old tree 
1i06 I planted two Bartlett pear trees, 
one died that summer and the other 
one is living. 
  "I have a few trees of different 
varieties of apples, pears and sweet 
cherries I am   testing. I also have 
a  few  plums in    hearing. Moore's 
Arctic is the best I have tested and 
the fruit and   tree does well here. 
The I)e Soto, Wolf and Surprise do 
well, but I do not like the fruit com- 
pared with the Moore's Arctic. My 
Governor   Wood sweet cherry 'had 
some fruit on this year, three years 
  "All trees that have been planted 
two or three years that have had cul- 
tivation are growing and looking as 
thrifty and well as I ever saw them, 
notwithstanding   the long   drought. 
My trees have made a splendid growth 
made new     wood   from   twelve to 
twenty inches long now-but trees 
planted this spring are not doing so 
well and feel the drought severely 
and I expect the weak ones will die 
unless rain comes soon. 
   "You know my four-year-old ap- 
ple orchard was planted on land that 
was never stumped or plowed and 
stood that way for two years. Last 
year I stumped and plowed about 
half of it and this spring I finished 
stumping and plowed it and kept it 
cultivated. All my other land was 
cleared and plowed before the trees 
were planted and from my experi- 
ence I would advise the clearing and 
plowing land before planting to trees, 
because it costs more to clear it after 
the trees are planted than it would 
to clear before planting, and the 
trees do better. 
  "I planted my trees the following 
distance apart: One orchard of ap- 
ples (25 acres) 20x24 feet. One or- 
chard (the four year old) 20 acres, 
24x24. Third   orchard, when  com- 
pleted, about sixty    acres, 24x24. 
Cherries, Early Richmond and Mont- 
morency, 16x20.     English Morrells, 
12x15. Currants    and   blackberries, 
4x8 feet. I spaced the distance of 
planting from what I could see of 
other trees growing here from twenty 
to thirty years old   and   24x24 is 
plenty close for apples, also for cher- 
  "A word now as to the long con- 
tinued drought. I have lived in this 
country forty years and we never 
had -Auch a continued drought and 
term of heat. Going back from the 
present to early spring, over a period 
that we should have had a normal 
rainfall of 12 to 1!5 inches, we have 
not had more than one inch as per 
government report, and yet all cul- 
tivated crops are looking well, and 
cultivated trees are doing fine ex- 
cept those planted during the drought, 
and yet they live. 
  "I think the large body of sand- 
stone extending back from the lake 
under all of this land must have 
something to do with it. This rock 
is like a sponge to absorb water and 
is continually drawing a supply from 
the lake, and by capillary attraction 
of the soil continually drawing it to 
the surface and if conserved by cul- 
tivation in a dust mulch, plant growth 
will gLt a supply of moisture for a 
long period, and I believe this theory 
is founded on logical reason. I only 
mention this for others to study over. 
  "Last fall we experimented      on 
planting apples and cherries in the 
fall, and as far as our experience 
goes we like fall planting the best, 
it seens to quicken the spring growth. 
"Very truly yours, WA. KNIGHT." 
   The damage to fruit and orna- 
mental trees caused by rabbits last 
season was very extensive. We have 
no nicans of estimating the damage 
in dollars and cents but feel safe in 
calling it half a million or more. 
  Rabbits are an infernal nuisance 
and there is neither sense nor reason 
in protecting them. here is the law 
as it now . stands: 
  "It shall be unlawful and is here- 
by prohibited   to take, catch, kill, 
hunt, or pursue: Any rabbit, grey 
fox, or black squirrel between the 
first day of February and the 10th 
day of October next succeeding, ex- 
cept as otherwise provided, and ex- 
cepting further that in the counties 
of Chippewa, Rusk, Eau Claire, St. 
Croix, Pierce, Portage, Waupaca, and 
Waushara, it shall be unlawful to 
take, catch, kill, hunt, or pursue any 
rabbit, grey, fox, or black squirrel 
between the first day of February and 
the 10th (Tay of September next suc- 
ceeding; but in the counties of Craw- 
ford, Grant, Iowa, Kenosha, Lafay- 
ette, Richland, Sauk, and Vernon, 
there shall be no closed season for the 
hunting of rabbits." 
  Will some well informed person, 
preferably a member of the legisla- 
ture that passed this law please tell 
us why the fruit growers of Sauk 
Co., for instance, are entitled to more 
protection than those of Fond du Lac 
Co.? That is exactly the state of af- 
fairs and it is up to the fruit mein 
of the state to have this law repealed. 
We would like to have opinions from 
our subscribers. 
  One thing is reasonably certain if 
our Society wants the law changed 
or repealed and the members all pull 
together it can be done. Write Editor 

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