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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 1: September, 1910,   pp. [1]-8 PDF (3.6 MB)


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WISCONSIN HORTICULTURE 
September 1910 
to predict that even when railroads 
have pushed up to Ellison Bay that 
water transportation will still le .an 
important factor.  From     a rather 
hurried trip from Sturgeon Bay to 
Jacksonport, Bailey's Harbor, Sister 
Bay and Ellison Bay, returning onl 
the west shore by way of Ephraiui, 
Fish Creek and Egg IHarbor, these 
impressions remain : 
   (1) The upper peninsula does not 
 give the impression of a new or til- 
 developed  country.    In   traveling 
 through  many    parts  of northern 
 Wisconsin one is never for a mo- 
 ment in doubt vboutt being in a pio- 
 neer land; little clearings of 5 to 10 
 acres with board cabins surrounded 
 by forests, are the rile, while in up- 
 per Door the amount of cleared land, 
 the comfortable, painted farm houses 
 and large barns give the impression 
 of an old and settled down farmimn 
 region. Th'is is true not only of the 
 main highways but of the east and 
 west roads as well. The size of the 
 farms, cleared, and the character of 
 the farm buildings was a constant 
 surprise. At le4lst tenty new barns 
 were seen all of one type, hip-roof 
 and high stone foundation. 
   (2) The excellent roads: For fully 
 one-third of the disthnee the main 
 roads are inacadanizted and stone- 
 crushers and steam   rollers are at 
 work extending these splendid high- 
 ways toward the tip of the county. 
   (3) The number of farm orchards: 
 On this ninety-mile trip we passed 
 lhundreds of farms and almost with- 
 out exception every farm had an or- 
 chard of 10 to 20 trees, mostly ap- 
 ple. Many of these trees have been 
 planted at least 25 years and at Fish 
 Creek are apple trees at least 40 
 years old. 
   Even without care these apple or- 
chards are thrifty anti productive. 
But few cherries have been planted, 
but occasional trees show the piossi- 
bilities in this direction. 
   One very striking feature front a 
fruit standpoint is the existence of 
seedling apple trees by the roadside. 
Several such trees were noted and 
under    circumstances   leaving  no 
doubt as to their origin. These road- 
side seedlings, rare in    Wisconsin 
although exceedingly common in the 
eastern states, show clearly that the 
apple at least is indigenous in Door 
county. 
   The farniers along the way were 
 all willing to talk   and all were 
 unanimous in the opinion that fruit 
 could le grown successfully; no one 
 seemed to question it. 
   (4) Price of land: 
   As to farm land prices the usual 
 wide range was found, but as a re- 
 sult of unceasing   questioning  we 
 conclude that through   the central 
 portion of the peninsula, includin.t 
 the townships of Jacksonport, Egg 
 Harbor, Bailey's Harbor and Gibral- 
 tar, improved farms may be bought 
 for $35 to $50 per acre. All land is 
 reckoned in "fortics" as in all new 
 wooded counties, and these prices re- 
 fer to a forty practically all cleared 
 and under cultivation and with fair 
 buildings. 
   In the vicinity of Egg Harbor we 
 were offered improved forties with- 
 out buildings at $35 per acre. At 
 another point we were told of a farm 
 consisting of three forties, tools, et c., 
 which could be bought for $5,000. 
 Good    unimproved    or wild land 
 seemed to lie scarce. The farmers 
 were all emphatic in their assertions 
 that these lands are mostly held by 
 large owners and speculators who 
 will not sell. The only quotations 
 we could get ranged from $5 to $10 
 Ier acre and these forties so quoted 
 were well up towards the tip of the 
 peninsula. 
 It must le kept in mind that these 
 statements of prices are merely the 
 result of roadside inquiry and are 
 not intended in any sense as fixing 
 the value of Door county lands. 
 In addition to these impressions, 
 rather firmly   fixed,  two   others 
 seemed to drift in, although nothing 
 substantial can le cited as proof: 
 first, that the soil layer seems to 
 grow gradually thinner from south 
 to north. The   limestone  outcrop- 
 pings were certainly more frequent 
 north of Fish Creek and     Bailey's 
 Hiarbor, the rye thinner and tile bar- 
ley shorter. 
  Secondly, the west shore seems 
better than the east; crops appear 
ietter, farm homes have a more com- 
fortable aprearance and the weeds 
more luxuriant. 
  Finally, the big   impression   re- 
mains and with a tenacity that can- 
not be    dislodged-this tongue of 
land north of Sturgeon Bay is splen- 
didly adapted to fruit raising, land 
is cheap, at present, and there are 
boundless   opportunities.  Sturgeon 
Bay is really only a very small part 
of Door county. If ana    one doubts 
it let him go anti see. 
FRUIT SELLING ORGANIZATIONS 
   Two things are of the very high- 
 est importance in commercial horti- 
 culture, the ability to raise the fruit 
 and ability to sell it to advantage. 
 The first is readily acquired by ac- 
 tual experience, by study of the best 
 literature on the subject and by at- 
 tending horticultural meetings. 
   The selling of the crop to the best 
 advantage is a more difficult matter 
 and an individual grower in     any 
 community acting alone may easily 
 work at cross purposes with every 
 other grower, while if all acting as a 
 unit through  a local organization 
 may improve conditions almost be- 
 yond belief. 
 In co-operation lies the secret of 
 success here as in every other line 
 of business.  Busy little Denmark 
 discovered this long ago and has set 
 a pace for the rest of the world in 
 marketing dairy produce. 
 The Colorado melon growers were 
 probably the first to demonstrate the 
 value of an organization for selling 
 and their success has prompted fruit 
 men in every part of the country to 
 follow suit. Both the berry grow- 
 ers and the fruit tree men of Mis- 
 souri are well organized as are the 
 far western apple growers. 
 Hood River Valley is a little crack 
 in the mountains and apple raising 
 and selling might have been carried 
 on there for a century and the world 
 at large no wiser if it had not been 
 for the wise co-operation   of the 
 growers there.  Some   wise tperson 
 saw time value of working together 
 and organized the growers to act as 
 a unit. This organization not only 
 markets the fruit grown but packs 
 and labels every apple and   straw- 
 berry grown by its members. Not 
 only that, but has set standards of 
quality and these conditions must be 
met fully or the fruit is rejected. 
           Continued on Page 7 
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