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Toepel, M. G.; Kuehn, Hazel L. (ed.) / The Wisconsin Blue Book, 1958

The Wisconsin Constitution,   pp. [229]-[260] PDF (11.0 MB)

Page 234

234                   WISCONSIN BLUE BOOK
without being obliged to purchase it, completely and without denial,
promptly and without delay, conformably to the laws.
  Treason. Section 10. Treason against the state shall consist only in
levying war against the same, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the
testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in
open court.
  Searches and seizures. Section 11. The right of the people to be secure
in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches
and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but upon
probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de-
scribing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
  Attainder; ex post facto; contracts. Section 12. No bill of attainder,
ex post facto law, nor any law impairing the obligation of contracts,
shall ever be passed, and no conviction shall work corruption of blood
or forfeiture of estate.
  Private property for public use. Section 13. The property of no person
shall be taken for public use without just compensation therefor.
  Feudal tenures; leases; alienation. Section 14. All lands within the
state are declared to be allodial, and feudal tenures are prohibited. Leases
and grants of agricultural land for a longer term than fifteen years in
which rent or service of any kind shall be reserved, and all fines and
like restraints upon alienation reserved in any grant of land, hereafter
made, are declared to be void.
  Equal rights for aliens and citizens. Section 15. No distinction shall
ever be made by law between resident aliens and citizens, in reference
to the possession, enjoyment or descent of property.
  Imprisonment for debt. Section 16. No person shall be imprisoned for
debt arising out of or founded on a contract, expressed or implied.
  Exemption of property of debtors. Section 17. The privilege of the
debtor to enjoy the necessary comforts of life shall be recognized by
wholesome laws, exempting a reasonable amount of property from sei-
zure or sale for the payment of any debt or liability hereafter contracted.
  Freedom of worship; liberty of conscience; state religion; public funds.
Section 18. The right of every man to worship Almighty God according to
the dictates of his own conscience shall never be infringed; nor shall any
man be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship, or to
maintain any ministry, against his consent; nor shall any control of, or
interference with, the rights of conscience be permitted, or any prefer-
ence be given by law to any religious establishments or modes of wor-
ship; nor shall any money be drawn from the treasury for the benefit of
religious societies, or religious or theological seminaries.
  Religious tests prohibited. Section 19. No religious tests shall ever be
required as a qualification for any office of public trust under the state,
and no person shall be rendered incompetent to give evidence in any
court of law or equity in consequence of his opinions on the subject of
  Military subordinate to civil power. Section 20. The military shall be
in strict subordination to the civil power.
  Writs of error. Section 21. Writs of error shall never be prohibited by
I a w.
  Maintenance of free government. Section 22. The blessings of a free
government can only be maintained by a firm adherence to justice, mod-
eration, temperance, frugality and virtue, and by frequent recurrence to
fundamental principles.

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