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Toepel, M. G.; Kuehn, Hazel L. (ed.) / The Wisconsin Blue Book

The state government: judicial branch,   pp. [527]-540 PDF (3.4 MB)

Page 538

                        JUSTICE COURTS
  Justice courts are presided over by justices of the peace. They
are not courts of record and their procedure is quite informal. Jus-
tices are elected for 2-year terms in towns, villages, and cities,
except in the city of Milwaukee. They have jurisdiction throughout
the county; their civil jurisdiction is limited to cases involving
$200 or less; their criminal jurisdiction covers crimes where the
fine does not exceed $200 and imprisonment does not exceed 6
months in county jail. In Milwaukee all justice court cases are
handled by the Civil Court and the District Court of Milwaukee
                   POLICE JUSTICE COURTS
  Police justice courts created under authority of section 62.24
of the statutes exist in a number of cities and villages. The pre-
siding justices of these courts are the police justices of the peace.
These officers are provided for by local ordinances. They are magis-
trates, conduct preliminary examinations, and have the same juris-
diction as any other justices of the peace in addition to exclusive
jurisdiction of violations of city or village ordinances.
                       JUVENILE COURTS
  The juvenile courts are not separate courts with the exception
of the Children's Court of Milwaukee County, which by Chapter 6,
Laws of 1949, became a separate full-time juvenile court for Mil-
waukee County, known as the Children's Court. The other juvenile
courts consist of the judges of regular courts sitting in a special
class of cases, with a special procedure. The judges of the ,courts
of record in each county annually designate one of their number as
juvenile judge. In this capacity, the court has jurisdiction in all
cases involving dependent and neglected children and delinquent
children under 18 years of age. It has exclusive jurisdiction in cases
of delinquent children between 16 and 18 but may waive its juris-
diction to the criminal court. The juvenile court procedure is
confidential and the primary function is the protection and welfare
of the children that come under its supervision.
Judge JOHN J. KENNEY, Milwaukee, president; Judge FRANK G. LoEF-
    FLER, Wausau, vice president; Judge JAMES H. LEVI, Stevens Point,
  Section 48.09 of the statutes provides for a Board of Juvenile
Court Judges. The board has annual meetings at which problems
facing the juvenile courts are discussed.

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