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Toepel, M. G.; Kuehn, Hazel L. (ed.) / The Wisconsin Blue Book

The Wisconsin Constitution,   pp. [221]-[252] PDF (11.1 MB)

Page 233

against the governor, the lieutenant governor shall not act as a member
of the court. No judicial officer shall exercise his office, after he shall
have been impeached, until his acquittal. Before the trial of an im-
peachment the members of the court shall take an oath or affirmation
truly and impartially to try the impeachment according to evidence;
and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds
of the members present. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not
extend further than to removal from office or removal from office and
disqualification to hold any office of honor, profit or trust under the
state; but the party impeached shall be liable to indictment, trial and
punishment according to law.
   Judicial power, where vested. Section 2. The judicial power of this
 state, both as to matters of law and equity, shall be vested in a supreme
 court, circuit courts, courts of probate, and in justices of the peace.
 legislature may also vest such jurisdiction as shall be deemed necessary
 in municipal courts, and shall have power to establish inferior courts in
 the several counties, with limited civil and criminal jurisdiction. Pro-
 vided, that the jurisdiction which may be vested in municipal courts
 shall not exceed in their respective municipalities that of circuit courts
 in their respective circuits as prescribed in this constitution; and that
 the legislature shall provide as well for the election of judges of the
 municipal courts as of the judges of inferior courts, by the qualified
 electors of the respective jurisdictions. The term of office of the judges
 of the said municipal and inferior courts shall not be longer than that
 of the judges of the circuit courts.
   Supreme court, jurisdiction. Section 3. The supreme court, except in
 cases otherwise provided in this constitution, shall have appellate juris-
 diction only, which shall be coextensive with the state; but in no case
 removed to the supreme court shall a trial by jury be allowed. The
 supreme court shall have a general superintending control over all
 inferior courts; it shall have power to issue writs of habeas corpus,
 mandamus, injunction, quo warranto, certiorari, and other original and
 remedial writs, and to hear and determine the same.
   Supreme court justices; terms; election; quorum. Section 1. [4]. The
 chief justice and associate justices of the supreme court shall be sever-
 ally known as the justices of said court, with the same terms of office
 of ten years respectively as now provided. The supreme court shall con-
 sist of seven justices, any four of whom shall be a quorum, to be elected
 as now provided, not more than one each year. The justice having been
 longest a continuous member of said court, or in case two or more such
 senior justices shall have served for the same length of time, then the
 one whose commission first expires shall be ex officio, the chief justice.
 Judicial circuits. Section 5. The state shall be divided into five judicial
 circuits, to be composed as follows: The first circuit shall comprise the
 counties of Racine, Walworth, Rock and Green; the second circuit, the
 counties of Milwaukee, Waukesha, Jefferson and Dane; the third circuit,
 the counties of Washington, Dodge, Columbia, Marquette, Sauk and
 Portage; the fourth circuit, the counties [of] Brown, Manitowoc, She-
 boygan, Fond du Lac, Winnebago and Calumet; and the fifth circuit shall
 comprise the counties of Iowa, Lafayette, Grant, Crawford and St. Croix;
 and the county of Richland shall be attached to Iowa, the county of
 Chippewa to the county of Crawford, and the county of La Pointe to the
 county of St. Croix, for judicial purposes, until otherwise provided by
 the legislature.
 Alteration of circuits. Section 6. The legislature may alter the limits
 or increase the number of circuits, making them as compact and conven-
 ient as practicable, and bounding them by county lines; but no such
alteration or increase shall be the effect to remove a judge from office.
In case of an increase of circuits, the judge or judges shall be elected
provided in this constitution and receive a salary not less than that
herein provided for judges of the circuit court.

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