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Toepel, M. G.; Kuehn, Hazel L. (ed.) / The Wisconsin Blue Book

The Wisconsin Constitution,   pp. [221]-[252] PDF (11.1 MB)

Page 226

226                    WISCONSIN BLUE BOOK
   Treason. Section 10. Treason against the state shall consist only in
 levying war against the same, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them
 aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the
 testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in
 open court.
   Searches and seizures. Section 11. The right of the people to be secure
 in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches
 and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue but upon
 probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de-
 scribing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
 Attainder; ex post facto; contracts. Section 12. No bill of attainder, ex
 post facto law, nor any law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall
 ever be passed, and no conviction shall work corruption of blood or
 forfeiture of estate.
 Private property for public use. Section 13. The property of no person
 shall be taken for public use without just compensation therefor.
 Feudal tenures; leases; alienation. Section 14. All lands within the
 state are declared to be allodial, and feudal tenures are prohibited.
 Leases and grants of agricultural land for a longer term than fifteen
 years in which rent or service of any kind shall be reserved, and all fines
 and like restraints upon alienation reserved in any grant of land, here-
 after made, are declared to be void.
 Equal property rights for aliens and citizens. Section 15. No distinc-
 tion shall ever be made by law between resident aliens and citizens, in
 reference to the possession, enjoyment or descent of property.
 Imprisonment for debt. Section 16. No person shall be imprisoned for
 debt arising out of or founded on a contract, expressed or implied.
 Exemption of property of debtors. Section 17. The privilege of the
 debtor to enjoy the necessary comforts of life shall be recognized by
 wholesome laws, exempting a reasonable amount of property from
 seizure or sale for the payment of any debt or liability hereafter
 Freedom of worship; liberty of conscience; state religion; public funds.
 Section 18. The right of every man to worship Almighty God according
 to the dictates of his own conscience shall never be infringed; nor shall
 any man be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship,
 or to maintain any ministry, against his consent; nor shall any control
 of, or interference with, the rights of conscience be permitted, or any
 preference be given by law to any religious establishments or modes of
 worship; nor shall any money be drawn from the treasury for the benefit
 of religious societies, or religious or theological seminaries.
 Religious test prohibited. Section 19. No religious test shall ever be
 required as a qualification for any office of public trust under the state,
 and no person shall be rendered incompetent to give evidence in any
 court of law or equity in consequence of his opinions on the subject of
 Military subordinate to civil power. Section 20. The military shall be
 in strict subordination to the civil power.
 Writs of error. Section 21. Writs of error shall never be prohibited
 by law.
 Maintenance of free government. Section 22. The blessings of a free
 government can only be maintained by a firm adherence to justice, mod-
 eration, temperance, frugality and virtue, and by frequent recurrence to
 fundamental principles.
                             ARTICLE II
  State boundary. Section 1. It is hereby ordained and declared that the
state of Wisconsin doth consent and accept of the boundaries prescribed
in the act of congress entitled "An act to enable the people of Wisconsin

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