Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Craig, J. A.
The horse and its market, pp. 154-168 PDF (4.5 MB)
, - It E *-l WISCONSIN FAR ]ERS' INSTITUTE. 16 to look well to the eyesight, as the chances are that the extra labor im posed on the ears has its origin in a defect in one or both of the eyes. Jaw Bones-Wide, Sharp.-Betweer the jaw bones there should be suffi. cient width for the wind pipe and also enough to allow the head to play freely on the neck. When the space between the jaw bones is very nar- row, it will often be noticed that the horse carries his head stiffly and in an awkward position, but when there is sufficient width in this region the head is carried freely and gracefully on the neck. The throttlc and throat latch should be light, without any un- natural fullness between the jaw bones or heaviness at the juncture of the head and the neck. Neck-Arched, Xuscled.-A nicely moulded and distinctly chiselled neck carrying the head gracefully, is one of the most beautiful features of the ideal light horse. Running towards the shoulder, the neck should swell gradually, so as to join the body smoothly. The windpipe should be large and appear distinct from the rest of the neck, and the upper out- line of the latter should be sharp. While the ewe neck is possessed by many excellent road horses, it is a defect, as it detracts from the appear- ance and should be noted as such. Chest-Deep, Projecting.-In the light horse that is called upon for fast work, the chest should be deep rather than broad. It should give room or capacity more by depth than by breadth. The reason for this, is that the deep chest permits of freer play of the shoulder blades on the body. It is easy to see that swift, smooth action of the fore legs is hardly possi- ble in the broad-chested horse, mainly because it throws them too far apart and out of line with those behind. A deep chest is an evidence of staying power. The conformation of such campaigners as Mary Marshall (2.12), Nanc7y Hanks (2.09), offer convincing proof of this. Shoulden - LAng, Oblique. - The L formation of the shoulder is one of athe parts of all light horses that re- quires critical scanning. To give elas- ticity to the movement of saddle horses and to permit of quick aid I clean action in the roadster, the I shoulder blade should be long and eoblique. An upright shoulder gives a .short, stilted action frequently ac- 1 companied by stumbling, and in a more or less fertile cause of such bone diseases an sidebones and ring- bones. The high action which is desired in the coach or cob horse and the long reaching clean action so desirable in the roadster depend as much on the obliquity and freedom of movement of the shoulder as on any other feat- ure. In addition, a sloping and long shoulder strengthens the back and extends the length of the underline. The muscular development of the shoulder should also be carefully noted, if there is an unusual bareness or lack of muscular covering it would denote the presence of sweeny. Fore Legs-Broad, Cordy.-The ap- pearance of the fore leg from the side show it to be flat and cordy. The flatness, due to the tendons being properly attached, and the clean cut appearance denote the absence of any coarseness about the legs. In this region the leg should be long from the elbow to the knee, for the reason that free and clean action follows such a conformation. In these parts it will be noted that most of the mus- cle that extends and flexes the leg is located between the knee and the el- bow. If this part is long, the muscle must necessarily be long and that produces quick and easy action. The muscle of the fore arm flexes and ex- tends the rest of the leg, and in order that these motions may place with the least expenditure of power, the course over which it must travel should be as short as possible; that is, the cannon running from the knee to the fVt4oc4 should he V1wcha Sbp a ,$. - . i A d OS I
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