Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Craig, J. A.
The horse and its market, pp. 154-168 PDF (4.5 MB)
WISCONSIN FARMERS' INSTITUTE. Coach or Carriage Horse. Trotter or Roadster. The distinguishing features of the The chief characteristics of the coach or carriage horse, are its sym- roadster are speed and stamina. The metry and action. The heightshould ability to trot fast is a leading char- be about 16 hands to make a good ap- acteristic of the roadster, and the abil- pearance. In contrast with the road- ity to maintain a rapid gait is clearly ster, the carriage horse is very smooth essential in a horse of this kind. In and symmetrical. The smoothness addition to being able to stand steady should be due to plumpness of the road work, such a horse should sell muscles over all parts. in the car- wvell on the market, and must be well riage type, the head should be com- mannered, so as to be safe and pleas- paratively small and lean; the ear urable to drive. neat, the neck long and carried grace- The typical roadster may be said to fully; the body round and plump, and be about 15 1-2 hands high and about the limbs clean cut, with well formed 1,000 pounds in weight; the formation and durable feet. Graceful carriage is, narrow in front, deep chested, wide and stylish action are leading qualifi- at the loin, and very muscular in the cations. quarters. Every feature about the Style, when in any posture, is a horse appears clear cut, giving a hard very desirable attribute in the car- finish which indicates durability. The riage horse. A critical examina- lineaments of the face and the out- tion of this type would indicate lines of the neck, and especially the how far the position of style distinctness with which the tendons depends on the adjustment of stand away from the leg are very the parts of the frame work, characteristic features. When a carriage or coach horse pos- The type lacks the fullness and sym- sesses characteristic style there seems metry that are characteristic in the to be an appropriate blending of all carriage or coach horse. To do effec- proportions of form. In analyzing tive and hard work on the road is the this it will be found that most of the sphere of the roadster, and a type that lines have a smaller direction in addi- has been evolved is an illustration of tion to the fullness of outlines al- the evolution of a form for a specific ready discussed. The line running purpose. The type of the best cam- from the poll to the nose seems to be paigners that have marks of 2:10 or parallel to that of the shoulder. Then better will show a similarity that in- the line running through the center dicates the typt towards which the of the pastern also has a similar di- trotter is tending, though it should rection, while the line of the thigh in be noted here that the roadster in the hind quarter corresponds with the show form will display quite different slope of the hind pastern. Consider- outlines after being subjected to the ing the lines that run different from, hard training the campaigner re- these, it will be noticed that the one ceives. made by the arm from the point of Saddle Horse. the shoulder to the elbow is very simi- lar in direction to that made by the The type of the saddle horse that is ischium of the pelvis, and this again 'desirable on the market is somewhat is similar to that of the lower thigh. similar to that of the light carriage Each part seems to bear a fixed rela- I horse, but the typical saddle horse tion to every other part, both in size, will show more quality and better length and slope, giving the horse that manuners than any other class of light symmetry which contributes so much horses. Aside from these features, to his style and beauty while standing the chief qualifications of the saddle or in action. | horse is the ability to show the follow- rl 156
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