Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Hays, John W.
Baby beef and silage, pp. 135-141 PDF (1.9 MB)
2WISCONSIN lARMNRW INSTrUTIA Jerseys that are well fatted make the sweetest beef they get. Mr. Arnold-I went to say this,-we have the finest prospects ahead of us that we ever had in the United States, Dot so much in the swine industry as in beef and mutton. Prices are not up as high as they ought to be, but just as soon as the consumption comes up to what It ought to be, prices are bound to be better. We have an un- der-consumption at present, but with our increased population and the smaller number of animals fed, there are good prospects for the future. We have one-sixth less swine in the United States today than there has been since 1892. The Chairman-I hold here In my hand a letter written by the butcher who bought this baby beef of Mr. Hays, to which he referred. This butcher says: "Dear Sir:-In regard to the fat stock I bought of you a num- ber of years ago I would say those twenty head of pony steers were No. 1 beef, the best I have retailed in my shop in a long time. But the nicest of all were those seven head of calves or baby beef, as we termed them. Their average weight was about 900 pounds and they turned the scales at 58% pounds to the hundred. I would say in regard to the quality it Is ex- cellent both in color and taste, al- though it is not as rich in beef flavor as pony steers. My customers wish I could procure such beef to retail the year round; they say it is the best to be had, but, as you know, there Is not enough such stock fed around here, so I cannot furnish them with the baby beef and I must fall back onto pony steers. In regard to the cost, I paid you five cents per pound on foot; as you well know that brings baby beef to a good round price to re- tail. I paid you very near $1,400 for twenty-seven head, and I think there is money In raising beef for market if done In the right way." Mr. Everett-Mr. Hays, did you feed this baby beef ensilage through the winter and about how much? And did you feed clover hay? Mr. Hayu-They were fed silage and clover hay, all they would eat of en- silage, and they did not eat very heavily. After the first mouth they got a good heavy grain ration, com- meneing on five pounds a day, and after a while they got up to ten. Mr. Hyatt-Did you ever feed roots Instead od silage? Mr. Hays-Oh, they were fed both roots and silage. I fed sugar beets. We did not open the silo at first; they were probably fed a month before the silo was opened. The Chairman-What is this ailage, sour or sweet? Mr. Hays--Sweet silage means when the corn is too ripe-gets too dry, and there are little mouldy pockets in It. The sour allege is a little greener. I like to have the corn just well glazed, not too dry. The silage isn't sour. I don't want any of this big corn. The Chairman-The sweet silage is a kind of sweet pickle. Mr. Everett-Will it ever pay to feed cattle that are not high grade beat cattle? Mr. Hays-It will not pay as welL The Chairman-From your exper- lence what kind of a silo do you like best? Mr. Hays-Of course I am prejudiced. I like the stone silo. The shape, of course, Is according to the man'" fancy; It doesn't make much difference, If you don't build It too big and you build it well. I would build It deep by all means, and the principal thing about a good silo is a good founda- tion, then a good frame, well tied to- gether at the top so it won't spread. I know of many silos that have caeked open because the frames are not tied. A Member-Does your silo freeze? Mr. Hays-No, silos do not freeze to amount to anything. Mr. Arnold-Would you make a hole In the ground for a silo? Mr. Hays-It would keep the best if you had good drainage. The only trouble to in getting It out. __ _7TqT_ - - - . I I - I I - I - , __ d' , . I" , - 7 , , 4; : . , , - 7, 1 ...- . I I in
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