Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Curtiss, C. F.
Sheep feeding experiments, pp. 122-132 PDF (3.1 MB)
..I . , -, 7- i -,^ e- m, - E ...........................I WISCONSIN FARM PEtS' INSTITUTIL. it does not hold good that the larger the breed the smaller the amount of food required to make a pound of gain. You will see that from the report. The Chairman-Did these large, long wool sheep sell for as high a price a pound; the Cotswolds and the Lin- colns? Prof. Curtiss-No, on an average the- -Io fMr twentv-flve cents a hun- dred less. We need to study the de- mannds of the market for everything not only for sheep, but everything that we produce, and the thing to do is to produce what the market wants and will pay for. I recognize the fact also, that these were selected sheep, good representatives. We did that in order to have all the breeds fairly and equally represented, but, at the same time, some of the best sheep that we had there came from the farmers within a few miles of the college where there are no pure bred animals at all, except the pure bred sire. Some of the sheep we sold during this pres- ent winter at $5.65 a hundred were bought from a neighboring farmer who raises sheep for market, and they were raised under just such conditions as are common to every farm in this state. He is a man who has alwayE taken care of his stocK and used a good sire, but has never taken any pains whatever to keep up the pedigrees 01 Mis flock. His sheep went in and sold right up at the top price. A Member-Does this man allow other people to pick his best ewes out? Prof. Curtiss-He allowed me to pick his best ones, but as a rule he does not do that. He took an interest in the experiment. This particular bunch were high grades. Question-What are the general symptoms of worms? Prof. Curtiss-One of the first indi- cations will be a loss of blood, a pale- ness, a pale skin and a blue tint to it, a sluggish circulation, and sometimes a little swelling occurs under the throat and a general weakness and depresuoo, theu a very laxative con- dition of the bowels-scouring and - vere coughing is common. Dr. Palmeter-Would not a rape pasture prevent these worms? Prof. Curtiss-I would not say that It was a preventive, but I can speak In high terms of rape. I think that every man who grows sheep should grow rape. The Canadian sheepmen may that there is no crop they can raise that will put a bunch or Lmins aneaa or put an old flock in good condition, as satisfactorily as a field of rape. Mr. Hyatt-What would you feed lambs three or four weeks old, aside from what they get from the ewes? Prof. Curtiss--I would be governed somewhat by the market price of grain In that respect. Corn and oats with us are the most valuable and economi- cal grains. You have other feeds that would be cheaper, perhaps; peas is one of the best feeds for sheep; we cannot grow them, but if we could we would use them extensively; oats and bran and a little oil meal are good. Mr. Arnold-I understand you to draw the conclusion that you can make a pound of mutton cheaper than you can make a pound of beet? Prof. Curtiss---I will say that you can make it at not to exceed the cost of producing a pound of beef. Our investigations, as well as the investi- gations of other states, have proved that. A Member-What age were these Hereford cattle? Prof. Curtiss-Coming two years. A Member-Did you compare the price it would cost to produce a pound of beef with sheep of the same age? Prof. Curtiss-No; we compared it with the cost of feeding the lambs, but the cattle were marketed at the mini- mum age and the sheep were marketed at the minimum age. You cannot es- tablish an accurate comparison at the same age because a sheep matures earlier in life than a steer. The Member-But suppose you took a herd of cattle at the same age, don't you believe you could make the meat cheaper than at two or three yeoan old? F -7-M-W.- -M.-P11114 I I I t I,--- - I no
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