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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Curtiss, C. F.
Sheep feeding experiments,   pp. 122-132 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 125

SHEEP FEEDING EXPERIME                         126
experiments have been conducted In cent a pound. A    greet many  payw
the nited States, is 10.25 pounds. In six and seven cents when cattle will
all theme experiment    s the sheep hafnot sell for over  our and a halt
bad the  advantage; it will make a flve cents, but here in the sheep busi-
pound of mutton for less than It costs ness we produced from ei those breeds
to make a pound of beef, even when a gain in the weight for very much
you give no credit whatever for the Iles, only a litte over one-halt what
feece. That fact has been clearly the product   asworth when     went
demonstrated  by all the best work to market.
done at experiment stations.         Lger Gain for Food Consumed. i
dorther Comparison of   Mutten and   There are some other features in ref-
erence to this. It is sometimes said
Beef.               that eattle and sheep eat the same          I
The thing that the sheep industry amount of food per thousand pounds
needs is establishment on a more sub- of live weight. I have been asked very
stantesl basis When we go into it, we frequently at Farmers' Institutes,
wtant to do so with the 90derstanding many sheep can be kept on an acre
that we are producing mutton  at a of land, or how  MyW sheep can be
profit as long as it sells as high as kept on the same food that it will
beef or a little higher, and that it is a quire to keep a cow or a thousand
permanently  profitable business one pound steer, and it is frequently stated
year after another, even it we do not that a thousand pounds of live weight
get anything for the wool; but even in in sheep will eat as much as a thou-
times of depression 'we can figure on sand pounds of live weight in cattle
n          average a dollar a head for wool, no less and no more. Now, that
is an-
and in some cases considerably more other erroneous doctrine; that sta
than that. The figures that I gave ment will not stand the test of inves-
you in reference to the lambs applied tigation. We found in this work that
to the entire lot; it included Merinos, cattle ate 19.6 of dry matter per
it included the Dorsets, and the cross- sand pounds of live weight; that
is, it
bred merinos and Shropshires and all we had a steer and It weighed about
the rest, many of which were not a thousand pounds, it would take 19.6
strictly mutton breeds. By dropping pounds of food each day for that
out thcse and taking only the strictly steer. We found, however, that when
mutton breeds we find we had 23,792 we would take a thousand pounds of
pounds of feed, which produced 3,281 sheep, representin all breeds, that
pounds of mutton, or one pound to 7.25 required 29 pounds of food a day to
of food consumed, and that that food sustain them and  feed them up  to
charged at the market price and the their full capacity; so y ou see that
gain credited gave us mutton at a cost sheep consume more per thousand
of 2.88 cents a pound. Now, those pounds live weight than cattle, some
sheep sold from $4 50 to $4.75, and it thing like 48 per cent. more food,
only cost us $2.88 on the mutton on that food the steer gains 2.14 pounds
breeds to make 100 pounds of mutton. a day, while the sheep gain 3.73 pounds
Nor, we figure that if we can make a day; in other words, while the sheep
gain on cattle for even one to two were consuming 48       per cent more
cents a pound, more than the cattle food, they made a gain of 75 per cent
will sell for, that we are making more weight. There is another com-
money, provided a satisfactor  price parison in favor of the sheep.
is realized. I have known men to pay
ten cents a pound for gain put on eat-    atr      to Markcet.          
tie In the feeding lot, when they could [ Now, another pokn n that was brought
not sell the cattle for over Ave or six out ther9 I, th e work, and one that
L,  ~~~~~~l

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