Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Jenkins, F. W.
Breeds of poultry for special purposes, pp. 108-114 PDF (2.0 MB)
P777-7. J. : 112 WISCONSIN FAtM8' INSTITUVT. a_ - .. - aeA vn_ wmm tn Mr. Mielow-luw [a J- w understand it? Mr. Jenkln*-By experience. Mr. Kellogg-That is a dear way. Mr. Jenkins-It is the best way. 1 think the best way to do is to have your chickens where they do not need It, but if you are going to use artificial heat at all, I would use it more for ventilation than for heat, and in that way you don't get a great deal of heat out of it. A Lady-I read In a paper once that very early pullets would moult in the fall the same as hens, and then they would not lay any better than hens. Is that so? Mr. Jenkins-That depends on the breed. I would just as soon have the Hamburg or Leghorn hatch the first of July as any other time of the year. The Brahmas and Wyandottes must be hatched as early as possible. A Lady-Are the different strains of fowls affected by their age In laying? Mr. Jenkins-Yes; a Plymouth Rock hen, after a year and a half old, is rather a poor layer; that I think is due to the fact that they fatten so easily; it is hard to keep them In lay- ing condition. I have known of Leg- hcrn hens being good layers up to nine and ten years old. Mr. Arnold-Then we judge that a hen that is of a thick fleshy formation that will thicken with age, is not a good hen for laying? Mr. Jenkins-Yes, that is true. Mr. Arnold-How old would you rec- ommend keeping hens? Mr. Jenkins-That depends on the particular breed. I would watch them pretty close; as long as a Leghorn hen lays pretty well, I would keep her. A Member-When this spring chicken gets to be eight or nine years old, what are you going to do with her? Mr. Jenkins-I would answer that as the Jersey cow man told me once with reference to the selling of his cow. He said that he could well afford to erect a tombstone over that cow after bury- ,ing her. A lAdr-Which do you prefer, the single comb or the double comb brown Leghorns? Mr. Jenkins-I don't think It makes a particle of difference, but I prefer the single comb. Question-How in the black Lang- shan for laying in winter? Mr. Jenkins-Good. The single comb is more apt to freeze than the rose comb, but when the rose comb is once frozen, the only way to thaw it out is to chop the head off. A hen with a frozen comb won't lay, but of course I do not think it advisable to keep hens where the comb will freese. Mr. Hopkins-Do you find any ob- jection to the size of the eggs of the Brown Leghorns for selling? Mr. Jenkins--I have seen Brown Leghorns' eggs that would average with Brahma eggs. I think where the Brown Leghorns are bred principally for show purposes, bred without re- gard to the size of their eggs, the eggs are small, but you can breed them up to be good layers Supt. McKerrow-How would you do that, by selecting the largest eggs for incubation? Mr. Jenkins-Yes, 1 would. would not the white lay the larger A Member-As between the two, eggs? Mr. Jenkins-I have never noticed any difference. A Lady-Where you have a strain of fowls, all of one color, how do you distinguish the younger hens from the older ones? Mr. Jenkins-Well, after they get two years of age, you can't very weU. A Lady-Can -you tell them by the wrinkles on their legs? Mr. Jenkins-I don't know whether the wrinkles are there or not. Question-What do you think of Houdan fowls? Mr. Jenkins-I like them first rate. The Chairman-Do you handle ducks also? Mr. Jenkins-Yes, and goslings. The Chairman-Are they profitable? Mr. Jenkinu,-eT; opf ppq um they re
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