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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Jenkins, F. W.
Breeds of poultry for special purposes,   pp. 108-114 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page 111

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eat breeds cannot run togetnef us a
fed together with good results. For
instance, Light Brahmas and Leg-
horns cannot be reared together and
kept together after maturity success-
fully, as the Brahmas while growing
require more feed thau the Brahmas
the Leghorn as they grow faster and
larger. After maturity the Leghorn
require more feed than the BrahmsJ'
because they are more active and lay
mere often than the BrahmL The
feed required for a laying Leghorn hen
would fatten a Brahma hen up so she
couldn't lay but would In a short time
die from over fat. A hen to give the
best results should have what feed she
requires but her attendant should
know better than to over-feed her
He should also understand that the dif-
ferent breeds have different natures
and should be fed and cared for differ-
entiy. One of the secrets of succeam
is not to get too many birds together
in one pen or coop and to keep to
gether only those of the same naturel
and disposition.
Crossing Thorough-bred Towls-
Where thorough-bred fowls of on
kind are kept together the character
istlis of the birds should be alike an,
the same proper care beneficial to th
entire lot. Cross-bred birds are sur
to have different natures and requir
different eare and feeding and if kel
together In numbers cannot do wel
When we have so many differet
breeds, same best suited to one pu
pose, somae best suited to another an
still others best suited for a genera
purpose fowl, there can be no excut
for Crlbsing thorough-bred fowl'
When they are crossed it must I
done for a purpose and tell me yot
purpose and I will select a thoroug]
bred fowl much better suited to ti
purpose than the cross-bred bird, u
less possibly the single exception
the Cornish Indian Game and Lig
Brahma Cross. Usually the first cro
only make fit birds for one purpose
those birds bred together the next ye
a- i   d IflfAltortV. and so 4
ach succeeding generation. While in
he chicks produced from the Mrt
ross there will be a fair average unt-
irmity, the succeeding generations of
Lese cross-bred birds will be all sorts,
ies and color. There should be no
-ouble in selecting among the various
reeds of water fowls or turkeys, as
ze, color and  the owner's fancy
sLould govern. The Bronze or White
Lolland turkey should suit almost any
ne, while the Pekin ducks and Tou-
,use goose meet aU requirements.
,As to climatic condition, I believe
ny of the foregoing breeds are well
dapted to a cold climate and my ex-
erience is that they all want good
omfortable quarters and care to get
he best results and it the conditions
urrounding them are proper they will
be a source of profit to their owner.
Mr. Arnold-What chickens do you
Mr. Jenkins-The general purpose
fowls are Plymouth Rocks, and the
Wyyandottes. I personally prefer the
Wiyandottes; the strain is a matter of
Mr. Brigge-Which are the better,
barred Plymouth Rocks or white?
Mr. Jenkins-That is a matter of
Mr. Reed-Isn't it true that a white
fowl is the easiest cleaned for market,
and for that reason it is the best,
other things being equal?
Mr. Jenkins-Yes, I made that state-
ment; a white bird is always better
than a dark one for market purposes.
Mr. Reed-Is not the white Plymouth
Rock a larger chicken than the barred'
Mr. Jenkins-No, it shouldn't be.
Mr. Reed-How do you like the
Cornish Game for general purposes?
Mr. Jenkins-They are not as good
as the Wyandotte or the Plymouth
Mr. Kellogg-Can you successfully
use artificial heat in hen houses for
the winter?
Mr. Jenoins-Iu you, unerta*4 it,
. I1
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