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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Jenkins, F. W.
Breeds of poultry for special purposes,   pp. 108-114 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page 110

WI ,     A- C-O N I   _
good average layers and a quick devel-
oping medium sized market fowl with
yellow legs and skin. They are not
the best fowls for eggs, broilers or the
market but combine these three quali-
ties nicely. I consider them good
birds for the farmer or any person who
only wants to keep one variety of
fowls, and who has neither time nor
place to bother with different breeds.
They will set and hatch their young,
furnish the table with both eggs and
There are several other breeds of
fowls that are good for both eggs and
table use, but do not set, so lose one of
the essential qualities of the perfect
general purpose fowl. These are the
Houdan, a French fowl of good size
and laying qualities, well adapted to
our northern climate on account of
having a very small comb and wattles
and a large protecting tuft of feathers
around them.
The English Red Cap are a very
handsome fowl with much the same
characteristics as the Houdan but
have an enormous comb or cap in place
of the tuft of feathers.
The Minorcas are also a general pur.
pcse fowl in a way, being fair size
and very good layers but carrying a
little too much comb and wattles to
suit me.
Breeders of the Dorkings claim for
tnem a high place among tusa  m
and general purpose fowl and they at
least should receive some mention. I
have never had any experience with
them, but from what I have seen of
them I think they would make a good
market bird.
The Best Crosses.
At the Rhode Island experiment sta-
tion some very interesting and valu-
able experiments have been carried on
in crossing thorough bred fowls of dif-
ferent breeds for special purposes. I
believe for egg production no cross
has been found that can improve on
the Leghorn and   Hamburg. There
they are very well satisfled with the
Ccrnish  Indian Game and    LUght
Brahma Crcss, both for broilers and
market purposes. I have never tried
that cross but can see no reason why
the first cross should not be all right
as the young birds are plump and uni-
fcrm throughout. I would however
say that as a general proposition I am
very much opposed to the crossing of
thorough-bred birds and only assent
to the use of a thorough-bred male
with a common flock of hens as one
way to Improve the stock, but when
thoroughbred birds or their eggs can
a e  D o g l  a__   c n epL  a s Au e _c A _   h A _A n
b~e bought as cheaply as tMey can -
day, the breeding up plan Is a slow
and unsatisfactory way.
Experiments We Have Kade.
Mr. W. E. Dorland and myself at our
fhrm at Chippewa Falls, known as the
Mansfield Poultry Yards, have con-
ducted for the past five or six years a
series of experiments in crossing thor-
oughbred fowls and have determined
to our satisfaction at least that for spe-
cial purposes or for general purposes
the thoroughbred bird Is the most
profitable, easiest to handle and gen-
erally most satisfactory to raise. In
support of that statement it will be
necessary to digress slightly from our
subject. Each distinct breed has cer-
tEin characteristics peculiar to itself
and they are so marked that the dilaf-
__-V_ I - - -11  - -
WF~ ;-
. _ __  ^__ -h  Forgo

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