Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Lehmann, A. W.
Poultry keeping on the farm, pp. 102-108 PDF (1.9 MB)
DISCUSSION. - . - - . . - - - _ . A- f instead Or wlndowus. LuAL u1a0 u W. Now Jersey, but I em certain it will not for Wisconsin. Feed a warm mush of cooked roots and bran and middlings mixed with skim milk; if you have it add ground beet scraps or Bowker's animal meal for the morning meal in their feed lboxes; then throw grain in the deep straw in the sheds and let Biddy work as hard as you do for a living. She will do it and make a suceess of it, too. Give her cabbage and beets to pick at for green feed and a good box of dust, with plenty of water and oys ter shells and bone to keep her from laying soft shell eggs, and she will be happy. I like to hear them sing in the morn ing for their breakfast, the) are so contented. Interest the boys and girls in them; give them fancy poultry as pets; they will soon take care of them as well as you do, and take a pride in it. Last, but not least, keep good fowls; it costs no more to feed a nice fowl than it does a poor one, and you will enjoy it better yourself. If I have left anything out that you would like to know I will try and answer it. DISCUSSION. Mr. Scott-What kind of poultry would you recommend for the farmers Mrs. Lehmann-What do you wish them for, winter laying or for markets For winter laying the Brown Leghorn or the Langshans are really the best I think, but for market the Plymouth Rock or any of those that feather out quickly, are the best. I like a cross between the White Leghorn and the Brahms for a broiler; they have a nice. white skin and look well. For turkeys I myself have the Mammoth Bronze. Mr. Kellogg-How large a crop of chickens are profitable? Mrs. Lehm ann-If you have them separated in small pens you can keep ae many as you wish to. I do not think that over fifty ought to run together unlem Tou have a good large yard. Mine are separated into twenty-five in a pen; I use wire netting for dividing them. Mr. Arnold-On a good sized farm do you think it would be profitable to keep five or six hundred chickens and have them separated during the win- ter? lMrs. Lehmann-I do think it would. You can build your houses large and divide them off into small pens for roosting places, then make these sheds and divide them with wire netting and the expense is very little. They will run and scratch and go back into these pens for roosting and for their morn- ing's feed. I think there should be cheap sheds on the south side, with big sunny windows and plenty of straw. The Chairman-What height netting do you use? Mrs. Lehmann-I have mine clear to the top, but I think most chickens will keep within a six-foot netting. Mr. Porter-I wish you would men- tion one, two or three different diseases that are prevalent among poultry, and state how you would best cure them; for instance, roup. Mrs. Lehmann-You can generally' tell when they have it, by their swelled heads, and you will hear them sneez- ing and coughing. It is brought on by cold draughts or damp places; I don't very often have to cure it, but if I do, I use tincture of iron in the drinking water; you put in a spoonful to a gal- lon of water, although it will not hurt If you put in more. I find Sherman's condition powders or Pratt's condition powders, put In their morning's food, to be a good thin& Question-Is it catching? Mrs. Letmann-It is catching if you let it run very far. I suppose it is the same as influenza with people; the same condition that brings it on with one, brings it on with another. Question-Why do you consider Brown Leghorns better than White Leghorns? 1ra. Lelmann-I don't know that there is really any differenee, only m7
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