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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Lehmann, A. W.
Poultry keeping on the farm,   pp. 102-108 PDF (1.9 MB)

Page 104

such storms will kill tnem quicaer
than the coldest winter weather.
Incubater Fowls for Early Xarket
The old saying, "It's the early bird
that catches the worm," is very appli-
cable to the poultry business. The
earlier fowls are much easier to raise,
are not nearly so subject to disease,
anc vermin does not bother them
nearly so badly. They are in a nice
condition to catch the bugs and grass-
boppers. The only safe way to raise
early fowls is with a good incubator.
You can attend to a 200 egg machine
just as easily as you can tend one sit-
ting hen, and I knCw you can keep
your temper a good deal better. One
hundred chicks hatched in March or
April, are worth 200 hatched in June.
An incubator, if well cared for, is al-
ways ready to set; a hen is not. If we
lose an incubator of eggs, which is a
rare thing, if it is a good incubator,
we feel that it is a big swindle, but if
twenty hens lose the same number we
think it is just what we may expect
from them, and patiently do it over
again. You don't have to turn a
basket over it and weight it down wits
a stone to keep Biddy in her nest, and
then when you go to feed her find
Biddy gone, the stone where the eggs
should be, and the chickens counted
before they wore hatched. If obliged
to set her have a place where only sit-
ting hens can get to it. Keep your
nests perfectly clean. A good plan is
to set three hens at a time, then divide
up the chicks between two of them if
all do not hatch well. Be sure and
give the hen her chicks before you
take her off the nest, and it there are
different colored ones among them do
not mix them up, for Biddy draws the
color line, and she knows her color
every time, and woe betide the chick
of another color that crosses her line
FeeA for Young Chicks.
Essex uhan   Act them above thd
level of the ground so no surface water
man possibly get in. Feed for the first
week brooder or incubator chicks or
turkeys, dry tread crumbs or rolled
Data. Then you emu begin to add other
feed, a little at a time, especially for
turkeys, as whatever you begin on they
seem to want that and nothing else.
Cheese curds, corn and barley meal
scalded or baked in a cake, with sour
milk and soda, cracked rice baked In
sweet skim milk are also very good;
bread and milk, plenty of grams for
young chicks and goslings, especially
clover; then middlings and milk after
they are older. I feed all the sweet
skim milk they want to drink, all the
time, putting it in jugs and turning
them up into large saucers so they can
only get their beaks in. Don't cook
cheese curds too hard, just enough to
get the whey out. I shall use Bowker's
animal meal this year in connection
with other foods. Well baked food
does not sour nearly so quickly as
scalded. Don't feed sour food to
brooder cLicks. Lettuce, cabbage, and
all such things are very good food for
young ducks and goslings.
In getting your chicks off early you
accomplish two things: you have pul-
lets for winter laying, and can turn all
the rest off for broilers if you do not
want to raise thLem for winter market.
Winter eggs are the profitable ones.
and can only be had by baviDg warm
houses and early pullets. I haven't
them myself yet, but I have always be-
lieved in scratching  sheds.  small,
warm roosting places and large, light
sheds I think will be the coming house
for winter eggs. If you notice the man
who has a nice, warm house, be it
ever so small, and his chickens have
access to the straw stack, always has
winter eggs.
Other Points on Poultry Keeping.
Place the old hens in coops until  I would build houses running eM
the chicks are three or four weeks old. and west, facing the south, with
If you use brooders have them warm, sunny windows in the sheds. The New
light, and dry; these three things you Jersey men advocate cloth curtains
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