Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Hatch, A. L.
Apple culture as a business, pp. 52-55 PDF (1.0 MB)
APPLE CULTURE AS A BUSINESS. DA northwest, both show that we need about fifty trees per acre. This not worry about paying markets. will reduce the cost to about five dol- The question then of success in apple lars per acre for the trees. After the culture hinges upon growing and trees are planted the farmer crops the managing the orchard properly. ground just the same as if he had no There are some large orchards In trees, giving preference in rotation Wisconsin, but scarcely one of them to such crops as potatoes, peas, beans is a real business orchard, founded and clover, and in a way to increase upon correct business principles. the fertility of the land from year to They contain too many varieties, al- year. Always give culture around together too many sorts, as a rule. the trees in April, May and June, but not after July 1st. In five years the The Business Orchard. trees should be worth two dollars This is a very different affair from each, and bear fruit. In ten years the home orchard. While a man may the trees will capitalize for five dol- consult his fancy in growing many lars each for the fruit they will bear. or all varieties for his own use, such In this way ten dollars of value per a course would make succotash of acre can be grown into the orchard the whole matter as a business enter- each year and still give the use of prise. From a business standpoint the land for other crops. There are but few kinds should be grown, and many Wisconsin farmers having ex- these always in large quantities. To cEllent apple orchard lands, teams, grow small lots of many sorts and tools, and implements to farm with, expect good profits, is to expect profit who could in this way grow into from hash. Not only will the market I wealth by means of the apple. And take and pay better for good quanti- why not do it? They will farm the ties of a few kinds, but the grower land anyway, and surely there is no himself will learn the peculiarities of other business way of making so each kind and be better able to give much from so slight an investment. them the kind of care each needs. I Each sort has its individual traits, Give the Trees Plenty of Room. and no man can learn those of many Thirty feet each way is near sorts as easily as those of a few. The aim of the grower should be to enogh for trees in the apple or- , chard and yet it is the universal cus- secure perfection and superior excel- .torn to plant much closer under the lence for whatever he grows. Let it mistaken notion that trees closely be written in letters of gold. "Any- plated potect eh tr. This thing well grown is half sold." planted protect a ectwo farm orchards Starting an Orchard. of about two acres each and then There is no waiting in the business took an inventory of the fruit trees, orchard. The orchard grows to the forest trees, buildings, etc. I then com- farmer; he does not invest in it, he puted the necessary land required and does not buy into it, he simply starts I found that it was overplanted three right and then goes right along times-that there were three trees with his farming, and in a few years where there was room for only one. the orchard is there and he scarcely Such overplanting is quite as absurd realizes that it has cost anything, as it would be for a dairyman to put provided it is done right. Let him three calves into a stall but three feet devote ten, twenty, or more acres to wide and keep them there until they the orchard and then he can buy the became cows. I suppose it could be trees at the lowest rates. Let them done, but I think the cows would be be planted thirty feet apart each way, i rather fiat-sided specimens. And yet U
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