Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing, pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)
E m ,7 J:- B rg4 S. X ' 7' .; G Im;) ,'- -1, j a" DISCUSSION. 4a Prof. Taylor-Now, about the wind- in diameter, they grow downward as break. There is another point on which well as upward, and so the top is apt the majority of opinion is wrong. The to get close to the ground. fact is that much more damage is Mr. Kellogg-Are there any five done by the south winds than by the Russian apples that are good for any- west winds. I should put a wind- thing in Nebraska? break on one side only and that Prof. Taylor-Well, the Yellow would be on the south, because the Transparent is the best, I think. It hot summer winds come from that di- blights very badly in certain years, rection, and the temperature in but, as it gets older, it seems to get spring rises through the day and gets away from that bad habit, so that if hotter than it ought to be sometimes; it lives until it is six or eight years the winds from the south are the ones old, it seems to survive, so that we that cause injury. I consider a consider that a very valuable thing south windbreak desirable, providing for an extremely early summer ap- you do not let it get too large so that ple. it stops the circulation of air. I Mr. Kellogg-Will you name five of think a great deal more damage is the best Russians that you know of done in general by windbreaks, than for the Northwest? good. Prof. Taylor-To do so might leave Mr. Kellogg-I wish to protest me in the position of recommending against the Professor's recommend- them for general planting, and I lug the Alabama Duchess for Wiscon- should not do that unless I wished to sin. include them with perhaps fifteen Prof. Taylor-I did not; what I said varieties of American sorts. I do not was that I would as soon have them know of any five Russian varieties grown in Alabama as from Hudson's that I should want to plant ahead of Bay. I said that it was equally any five, ten, or fifteen American as risky to bring them from the far sorts. north as from the far south. Mr. Kellogg-Do you know of five Mr. Reed-Would you advise plant- American sorts to recommend for the ing an apple tree five years old? northwest-anywhere in this state- Prof. Taylor-No, I would not. My the northern portion of it? own choice for an apple tree would Prof. Taylor-I do not think I be one not to exceed two years of age. should want to make up a list for the I would wish that it be a simple northern portion of Wisconsin at all whip, just a straight tree. It' ought I do not know enough about it. to be four or five feet in height at A Member-What do you consider that age, without any branches; then the best kind of graft? you can form the top just exactly Prof. Taylor-I believe in piece root where you want it. I think the most grafting, using a very long cion and successful orchard growers plant at a short root, so that the tree is practi- about two years. cally a cutting growing on its own Mr. Reed-Is it also a fact that root. trees planted so that the tops will be Mr. Boynton-We find some of our two or three feet from the ground, most valuable orchards are protected make the best style of tree? by evergreen belts on two sides, some Prof. Taylor-Yes, I would want on one side. In Minnesota they say three feet to be about the minimum, that the most successful orchards are because the top tends to get lower also protected on the north and west rather than higher. Of coaurse, you sides. We find it does not cut off the knoew that ks the branches increase circulation that is necessary, unless 4 i i
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